DEPARTMENT OF PHYSIOLOGY 95 Fig. 3.—Laboratory for Mammalian Physiology of the untrained staff, the lectures may have been neces¬ sary; but the fact that they constitute an essential ele¬ ment in preparation for the degree could not fail to give candidates the impression that simple absorption and not action is the main object demanded; in just the proportion that their devotion to lecture work is strong, their flickering zest for any serious attempt at independ¬ ent work tends to be inhibited. The need was for some immediate and imperious summons to real work as opposed to supposititious effort. Nevertheless the lectures were instrumental in revealing a widespread desire for information in regard to physiology among the clinical staff at large. Applications from other clinical workers for permission to attend the lectures also began to be received. Perhaps the best commentary on the success of the M.Sc. idea as a stimulus towards research in physiology is provided by the actual results to date. Three candi¬ dates have published work undertaken for their M.Sc. theses; none of these has as yet felt himself in a position to take the examination in the lecture work. Three candidates, who entered since the revised statutes, after strenuous reading preparation, have taken the degrees; but their theses, either from poverty of content or from faulty presentation, are unpublished. So dear to a young worker is the thought of a special degree, however, that subsequent additions to the Department have one and all entered their names with the graduate faculty as candidates, notwithstanding dissuasion on the part of the head of the Department—a fact which in turn indi¬ cates the help that could be obtained by the institution of some non-didactic and purely research degree (or other titular distinction) for full graduates in medicine. To subject eager young aspirants, who have just emerged from a prolonged course of formal instruction in a comprehensive department of professional activity, to a further period of routine didactic work, is to treat them wrongfully, for at this critical phase continu¬ ation of spoon-feeding can only delay their develop¬ ment. From the account given above it would be misleading to draw definite inferences as to the nature of the exist¬ ing staff in physiology. An outlook was naturally kept throughout for potential physiologists or for able gradu¬ ates willing to undertake research work in preparation for a clinical career, and in this respect the Department has had elements of luck. The above is merely an at¬ tempt to record the general result of each specially designed formal expedient adopted for the purpose of securing workers and promoting research activity.