DEPARTMENT OF PHYSIOLOGY AND PHARMA¬ COLOGY, UNIVERSITY OF ALBERTA BY Ardrey W. Downs, M.A., M.D., D.Sc. PROFESSOR QUARTERS AND EQUIPMENT The Department of Physiology and Pharmacology of the University of Alberta occupies approximately one- half of the second floor of the medical building. The space available is divided into a laboratory for under¬ graduate work, two laboratories for advanced work and for research, an operating room, an electrocardiograph room, a preparation room, a stock room, a smoking and varnishing room, a private office for the professor, an office for the other members of the staff, a small room in which catalogs and the department’s collection of reprints are housed and a room now used as a classroom which it is our intention to convert into a demonstration theater. In addition the department utilizes for certain lectures one of the large amphitheaters in the building. Frogs and turtles are taken care of in tanks with running water in the basement. A house at the rear of the med¬ ical building provides accommodation for the other animals required by this department and by the De¬ partment of Biochemistry. The general laboratory has an area of 1,900 square feet, occupies a wing and has windows on three sides. Desk space is provided for eighty students working in pairs. The tables are 30 inches high and fastened to the floor. Each table is 42 inches wide and the space allowed on the table for a pair of students is 6 feet 6 inches by 21 inches. All tables are equipped with hot and cold running water and gas. Beneath the tables are drawers and cupboards for the storage of apparatus. Motor driven kymographs are used. These are divided into three groups, each driven by a separate motor, so that a complete breakdown is not apt to occur. The motors are mounted on an end wall on cork plates. The shafting is suspended from the ceiling at a distance of 42 inches above the center of each table. This arrange¬ ment leaves the top of the table clear and also does away with vibration in the table. Each desk is completely equipped with the apparatus necessary for the experi¬ ments ordinarily included in a course for undergraduate students. The electrical current is derived from dry cells. For mammalian work the class is divided into groups of five and the special apparatus required pro¬ vided accordingly. The other laboratories are provided with the usual facilities and the required apparatus. Their equipment is added to from time to time as the investigation of various problems is undertaken. The operating room contains an operating table, a long paper kymograph, a respiration pump, and the necessary adjuncts. The electrocardiograph is placed in a separate room on a concrete floor and is satisfactorily insulated. The instrument is available not only for experimental work and for instruction but also for the study of cardiac cases. Any properly qualified physician may refer a patient to us for an electrocardiogram and when possible the time is so arranged that a group of students can be present while the tracing is being taken. The develop¬ ment of the records is also carried out in the department. The preparation room, the stock room, and the room for smoking papers and varnishing tracings are con¬ veniently situated with reference to the main laboratory and to each other. Minor repairs can be made in the department. The department is unfortunate in not possessing its own workshop where work in wood and metals can be carried on. However, there is a univer¬ sity workshop with a mechanic and a glassblower. A description of the frog tanks might be of interest. Each tank is 9 feet by 5 feet 6 inches, made of concrete, provided with running cold water, and the bottom is so constructed that there is a flat bottom, a sloping bank, and a shelf of dry land. We have tried various schemes in the attempt to discover what form of care would give the lowest death rate. For example, we have tried constantly running water of various depths, stagnant water changed at intervals, a thin sheet of water running over the entire bottom of the tank including the bank and ordinarily dry shelf, mud, part mud and part dry earth, part wet sand and part dry sand. Our experi¬ ence is that the frogs do best in tanks with running water in the deeper part and in the damp earth covering the remainder.