Studies of Melody in English Speech. By E. W. Scripture. Yale Univ., New Haven, Conn. With 11 figures in text. The term »melody« is used here to indicate the rise and fall in pitch of the tone from the vocal cords during spoken words, just as during singing. The discussions of the melody of speech by linguistic writers have been summarized by Storm1). The use of melody as a factor of expression in speech has been treated by Wundt2). Very little experimental work, however, has been done. Attempts have been made to determine the melody by merely listening to phrases. This method is unreliable for several reasons: 1) the speech sounds are generally so brief that the pitch can hardly be detected for a single one; 2) each speech sound comprises many tones and the ear gets a total impression of pitch that is usually different from the lowest tone; 3) the pitch of a vowel is nearly always continually changing and the ear fails to get more than a vague impression of a sort of average pitch or of a succession of steps in pitch. In spite of the careful studies of speech-melody by the ear alone we can rely only on experimental records of the actual voice vibrations. 1) Storm, Englische Philologie. 2. Aufl. I. p. 205. Leipzig 1892. 2; Wundt, Völkerpsychologie. I. Bd. 2. Th. p. 397. Leipzig 1900.