ENAMELLEI) BRONZE PEN DANT. VIII. CONJOINED LETTERS. NVe are to a great extent debarred from the use of contractions, which, obvious as they must have been to monkish readers, to whom mediaeval writing was addressed, are enough to scare a modern one from the very attempt to decipher old manuscripts abounding with them. But there is no such undeniable objection to the mere conjoining of letters in the old way. A certain amount even of complication might be excused, where the writer did not wish to be too plain, or had a right to expect the reader would anticipate the word. There are cases without number in which it is clear from the iirst word or two of an inscription What is to follow. It may