IVORY CARVlNG_ THE TENTH CENTURY. DECORATIVE LETTERING. Many and various were the methods of intro- ducing inscription into decorative design. It found its way even into picture, until the time when the pictorial ideal ceased to include decora- tive effect. Long inscriptions claimed for them- selves, as a rule, a place apart; shorter ones were used sometimes to frame the picture, sometimes to form part of it. In introducing lettering into decoration, people accustomed to write in horizontal lines from left to right naturally adopted that direction. They might occasionally be led by considerations of design to scheme an inscription otherwise; but, in the main, decorative lettering takes the hori- zontal direction. Such, in fact, is the decorative