? 106 Grotejgue and C HAPTE R VII. PRESERVATION OF THE CHARACTER OF THE MIMUS AFTER THE FALL OF THE EMPIRE._-THE MINSTREL AND OF POPULAR I HAVE already remarked that, upon the fall of the Roman empire, the popular inftitutions of the Romans were more generally preferved to the middle ages than thofe of a higher and more refined charafiter. This is underltood without ditiiculty, when we confider that the lower clals of the population-in the towns, what we might perhaps call the lower and middle clafles-continued to exill much the fame as before, while the barbarian conquerors came in and took the place of the ruling claffes. The drama, which had never much hold upon the love of the Roman populace, was loit, and the theatres and the amphitheatres, which had been fupported only by the wealth of the imperial court and of the mling clafs, were abandoned and fell into ruin; but the mimus, who furnifhed mirth to the people, continued to exiit, and probably underwent no immediate change in his character. It will be Well to {late again the chief characteriitics of the ancient mimus, before we proceed to defcribe his rnediaaval reprefentative. The grand aim of the mimus was to make people laugh, and he employed generally every means he knew of for eileeting this purpofe, by language, by geiiures or motions of the body, or by drefs. Thus he carried,'Hrapped over his loins, a wooden fword, which was called gladius lzifiricus and clunaculum, and wore fometimes a garment made of a great number of fmall pieces of cloth of different colours, which was hence called centunculus, or the hundred-patched dreisf Thefe two characleriltics 4 "Uri me consuesse tragoedi syrmatqhistrionis crotalone ad trieterica 0rgia,aut mimi centunculo."- Apulems, Apolog.