Bauhaus-Universität Weimar

Department of Physiology, Prince of Wales Medical College, Patna, India
Cruickshank, Ernest W. H.
Fig. 5.—Research Laboratory 
whole of the second and third years and one term in the 
sixth or final year of the curriculum. 
Here the first year of the medical curriculum is given 
up to the study of biology, organic chemistry, and 
anatomy; the second to histology, biochemistry, and 
anatomy; the third to physiology and anatomy. Thus 
in the first term of the second year a complete course in 
histology, covering not less than three months or sixty- 
five hours, is given. The usual histological technic 
of cutting, staining, and mounting sections is studied 
and the microscopic structure of the various parts and 
organs of the mammalian body is examined. During 
the first term also an introductory class in experimental 
physiology is held in which the student is acquainted 
with the handling of apparatus and the carrying out of 
muscle nerve and other simple experiments. 
In the second and third terms of the second year a 
full systematic and experimental course in biochemistry 
is given. In the first term the practical work covers the 
biochemistry of the proteins, their properties, and 
quantitative estimation; the carbohydrates with their 
oxidations and reduction properties, followed by quali¬ 
tative tests and quantitative estimations; the fats, their 
identification and general characters with certain sim¬ 
pler methods for the estimation of neutral fats and fatty 
acids. The chemistry of the digestive processes is then 
studied and the examination of the more typical food¬ 
stuffs concludes the work of the term. The foundation 
of experimental technic in biochemistry is thus laid 
and upon it, during the immediately ensuing third 
term, is built up the more specialized technic of the 
chemical analysis of urine and blood. In this term the 
student is made to repeat such estimations as that of 
total nitrogen, sugar, and urea in urine; of sugar in 
blood by such methods as MacLean’s and Hagedorn and 
Jensen’s; non-protein nitrogen and urea nitrogen by 
aeration and Nesslerization; and the pH by Dale- 
Evans’ method. The chemical analysis of blood is 
preceded by an examination of the constituents of 
blood, the fragility of the corpuscles, coagulation phe¬ 
nomena, and a spectroscopic study of the hemoglobin 
In view of the lack of a suitable practical handbook 
for Indian students, one was prepared in which the


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