Volltext: Studies of Melody in English Speech (19)

Studies of Melody in English Speech. 
607 
and »alone«. The word »wish« shows (Fig. 10) the usual circumflex 
pitch of an emphatic word, while »alone« shows a riseof pitch. The 
ZÔ<k 
zoo 
ISO- 
100 
so 
<tl 
7 wish you'd let me alone- 
-jo 20 30 to SO qo 70 
J 9 
so 
""die" l 
~£)& 100 110 do 130 l+° *50 160170 
Fig. 10. 
180 wo zoo 
voice begins at a slightly higher pitch than usual, rises through an in¬ 
terval of 4 : 5, falls about an octave, and rises about 3 : 5 at the end. 
The expressiveness seems to depend on the peculiar musical intona¬ 
tion in connection with the greater stress (intensity) at the time of 
the first elevation in pitch. The same modulation of pitch without 
the stress at the first elevation occurs in expressions of resigned 
agreement or reluctant consent, as in »I suppose you can« with some 
such meaning as »I wish you couldn’t do it but I suppose you can«; 
this phrase when uttered with stress on »suppose« expresses irri¬ 
tation as in the case just discussed. 
The sentence »Will you do as you’re told!« was spoken to express 
remonstrance, pleading and command, the stress being on »Will«. 
It begins at a rather high pitch (Fig. 11), rises through an interval 
ZOO 
ISO 
100 
so 
-vt 
- . . ^^ .....a- 
/re xrnu'ra tnlli ! u . . . , 
mu you, do op.you're, told.1. 
IP do so' èo‘ èo too >io ue too M ao 
Fig. 11. 
of about a major third, and then slowly falls to the end. Sweet 
is correct in stating that such sentences have a falling pitch, but this 
is so only because they begin higher than the usual declarative 
sentences. 
All of the preceding records, as well as the Jefferson records 
mentioned above, show that Aristoxenus1) was correct in asserting 
that in speech, as contrasted with song, the voice is constantly and 
continuously changing in pitch. The changes are so gradual and so 
1) Aristoxenus, Harmonica, I. §§ 25, 28, p. 8, Meib.
	        
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