Bauhaus-Universität Weimar

72 
VOWELS. 
just described. Like them, they fall into two classes, 
the (ou) and the (au) type, according as the first element 
is regarded as a rounded or an unrounded vowel. Just 
as there is a broad (ai)-like form of (eifh), so the regular 
(pm) varies as (oiu) and ([oiu), which last has very much 
the effect of (au), so that (noiu) = ( no/ seems really to pass 
into (nam)a. It is, however, difficult to distinguish be¬ 
tween (oi) with its rounding reduced to a minimum and 
(ai) pronounced, as it often is in English, with half-closed 
mouth. 
The first element of the (au) type is often represented 
by a mixed vowel, as in the E. how (hashoh). 
It will be noticed that the glide-vowel of the (au) type 
is simply the neutral vowel rounded, just as that of the E. 
(oi)-diphthong is the unrounded (eh). The German au in 
‘ haus/ has, according to Sievers, (o) for its glide — (haos) 
or (haos)E In (oni) there is generally no change at all 
in the tongue position, the lips being simply narrowed 
as for (u). The second element is then the wide form of 
the Scandinavian (o)c. There may, however, occasionally 
be also a slight raising of the tongue as well. 
Of diphthongs of the (iu) type, whose first element is a 
front-vowel, there are no certain examples. The nearest 
approach is the American diphthong in ‘ new/ which 
Mr. Bell writes (my). These diphthongs, in which the 
glide is simply the vowel rounded, of which the G. (ao) = 
au is also an example, form, strictly speaking, a class by 
themselves. 
a 
In the pronunciation of those who seem to make ‘ no into 
4 now ’ the first element of ‘ ow ’ becomes distinctly (ae), so that the 
two diphthongs are kept perfectly distinct. 
* Perhaps rather (haos) ? c See § 43. 
c
        

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