Bauhaus-Universität Weimar

sidered secure against the necessity of incessant alteration 
and correction. 
299. The Roman alphabet, on the other hand, not 
being based on a phonetic analysis, is not liable to be 
disturbed by any new discoveries. It has also the great 
advantage of having long been in practical use both in 
printing and writing. 
300. The imperfections of the Roman alphabet may 
be remedied in four ways : 
(1) by casting new types; 
(2) by employing diacritics, such as grave and acute 
accents, &c, ; 
(3) by employing digraphs, such as t\ kh, &c. ; 
(4) by employing turned letters, italics and capitals. 
The same objection applies both to (1) and (2), when 
carried out to any extent, namely that a new system 
should utilise the means already existing before creating 
new ones, which involve expense and inconvenience of 
all kinds ; and if we are to cast new types, it would be 
simplest to discard the Roman alphabet altogether, and 
take a simplified form of Visible Speech, which would 
certainly be far easier to learn and use than any possible 
modification of the Roman alphabet. The practical 
experience of Mr. Ellis is decisive on this point. He 
entirely discards such systems as Pitman s Phonotypy, 
and Lepsius’s ‘ Standard Alphabet/ the best known 
representatives of (1) and (2), and falls back entirely on 
(3) and (4), which employ only the ordinary resources 
of the printing-office. That it is possible with such means 
as these to form a practicable system, Mr. Ellis has clearly 
shown in his 1 Palæotype/ 
301. The great defect of Palæotype, and the other


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