Bauhaus-Universität Weimar

The psycho-physiological effect of the elements of speech in relation to poetry
Givler, Robert Ch.
more nearly tapped and spoken at identical times than were the 
others. S was almost always syncoped. But in the general, they 
found that finger stress indicates quite well the vocal stress, 
though minuter correlations are not indicated. To the above 
results we ally those of Meumann13 which state that the time 
limit of syncope is but 0.02 seconds. Miyake14 found that the 
beat of the finger came before the beginning of the vowel when it 
stood alone, when it had a glottal catch, when it was short or 
long, followed by a final consonant, or when it was short or long 
between two consonants. Also, except in the case of B, D, and G, 
the beat as tapped came before the vowel following these 
With regard to the matter of correlating qualitative conscious¬ 
ness states with the motor consciousness, there is to be men¬ 
tioned Dressler’s work15 where increased central activity seemed 
to favor increased rapidity in voluntary movements; also the 
work of Drozynski16 which does not crystallize into any specific 
positive correlation, but shows apparently that the unpleasant 
stimuli gave the more noticeable arousals. But by ‘unpleasant 
we must understand here the many meanings of the term in the 
sense of Wundt’s tridimensional theory. This writer used no 
So much for a general account of some of the more important 
and resultful experimentations upon the motor and introspective 
phases of an expressive method in psychological esthetics (espe¬ 
cially in re. poetry). But to come down to the particular 
elements of our own research, especially the form of the rhyth¬ 
mical presentation and the apparatus used ; and first the rhythm 
13 “Untersuchungen zur Psych, und Aesth. der Rhythmus,” Wundt’s Studien, 
x, 1894 p- 419. 
14 See Scripture, “Elements of Experimental Phonetics,” esp. Chap. 37- 
15 “Excitement and tapping rates,” Am. Jour, of Psych., 1891, IV, p. 523. 
1« “Atmungs und Pulssymptome rhythmischer Gefühle, Wundts Psych. 
Stud., Vol. 7, PP- 83-140. 
17 See also for the effects of pleasant and unpleasant music, F. Rehwoldt, 
“Ueber respiratorische Affectssymptome,” Wundt’s Stud., Vol. 3, pp. 149-192.


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