Bauhaus-Universität Weimar

The psycho-physiological effect of the elements of speech in relation to poetry
Givler, Robert Ch.
on the other hand, rises almost continuously from start to finish, 
with a remarkable rise on the fourth foot of the fifth group, 
and a no less striking descent on the last accented syllable of 
the series. But the last three groups show the same general 
tendency,—that of emphasizing the motor prominence of the 
fourth foot of the group. The first group of either, however, 
shows almost the same kind of form, which may be due to the 
persistence of the motor “set.” 
Three of the subjects, A., L., and T. preferred ho-de; in 
each case the tapped strokes were longer for the more pleasant ; 
but in the former experiments, only one of them, A., showed 
this feature. All the other subjects, B., F., N., W., and Z. 
manifested a preference for de-ho; all but N, as mentioned above, 
tapped shorter strokes while reciting it. Four of the subjects 
found the vocal construction caused by the “-de” an unpleasant 
feature. But inasmuch as there was no objective standard of 
intensity or other vocal quale which was to be followed, the 
matter of constriction cannot be raised to a very high impor¬ 
tance. One can say “ho-de” with countless degrees of energy 
and the like, and usually no subject intensified an unpleasant 
sensation; rather was the voice weakened and lowered to avoid 
it. On the same day, also as de-ho and ho-de were given, the 
combination ra-fo (both vowels long) was given. The explosive 
character of the f tended upon repetition to destroy the pleasant¬ 
ness with which it started out. 
The graphings showed a remarkable steadiness of motor reac¬ 
tion for this combination until the last group of five iambics 
was reached. 
The next two experiments were de-sto, and sto-de (vowels 
both long). Curiously enough, the differences in the amount 
of motor discharge did not appear until the fourth and fifth 
groups, and while the ho-de graph kept rising after the third 
group, and de-ho fell, here the case was altered completely; 
de-sto showed an ascent, but in the middle of the line only ( !) ; 
but again, the accented O produced a slower reaction than did 
the E. One must remember, of course, that not only is the 
accented syllable different in each of these four experiments,


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