Bauhaus-Universität Weimar

246 
PHYSIOLOGICAL ÆSTHETICS. 
Greek ; accentual, as in English and German ; or syllabic, 
as in French. It is also often marked by other modes of 
expected repetition, such as perfect rhyme, or assonance of 
vowels and consonants, found in most modern verse ; im¬ 
perfect rhyme, or assonance of vowels alone, which is the 
ordinary rule of Spanish poets ; and alliteration, which is 
systematic in so-called Anglo-Saxon and Icelandic songs, 
while it is employed as an occasional beauty in all languages 
and ages. Besides these various mechanical devices, Poetry 
may further gratify the ear by smoothness of flow, which is 
obtained through high vocalization and the rejection of harsh 
consonantal combinations, awkward hiatus, and excessive 
sibilants or trills. Certain words are in themselves, apart 
from the suggested idea, harsh and disagreeable, while others 
are soft and pleasing ; though of course these distinctions 
can only be observed by a cultivated and highly discrimina¬ 
tive ear. Poetry seeks, so far as possible, to avoid the 
former and cumulate the latter : but this principle may be 
interfered with by considerations of intellectual or emotional 
effect. The various presentative elements thus shortly 
enumerated are commonly summed up as the form of Poetry, 
while the far more important representative elements, to 
which we next proceed, are known in contradistinction as its 
matter. 
§ 3. Representative Elements of Poetry. 
We all know that verse is not necessarily Poetry, and even 
that Poetry is not necessarily in verse. In reading fourth- 
rate rhymes we feel that they differ from prose only in their
        

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