Bauhaus-Universität Weimar

Anpwer. K That a man may, in general, be called confcious of 
any action, it is not only neceflary that he fhould perceive it, during 
the time in which it is performed, but alfo that he fhould be able 
to recoiled! it after it is paft: for though one be feniible, while a 
viiible object is before him, thatjie fees it; yet if he retains not the 
leaf: memory of it after it is removed out of liis light, he can neither 
fatisfy himfelf nor others that ever he faw it. In like manner, we 
cannot be called confcious of an adtion or volition that is not ad- 
verted to when performed, or, as foon as it is over, is entirely for¬ 
gotten: for as there are fome fenfations, either fo flight in themfelves, 
or fo much weakened by the diverfion of our attention, that they 
leave no traces in the memory ; fo there may be adtions and voli¬ 
tions that are either fo faint, fo habitual, or fo much leffened amid 
itronger and more important exertions of the mind, that they may 
not only be entirely forgotten, but not fo much as taken notice of 
or refledted upon. 
ß But fetting afide all metaphyfical arguments, we may And ar¬ 
guments a poßeriori fufhcient to prove that the mind does perform 
adtions unattended with any confcioufnefs; Thus, altho* we are 
not confcious of any effort of die mind in producing thofe mo¬ 
tions of the body which tickling the fides or the foies of the 
feet excites ; yet it appears, that, in fadt, they proceed from 
the mind, from the like motions being produced, though in a 
lefs degree, by the fear, only, or apprehenfion of being tickled. 
Duft, as well as flies and feveral other infedts pafling before our 
eyes, make ns fliut the palpebræ ; and yet thefe motions, which cer¬ 
tainly proceed from the mind, are not often attended to, and fel- 
dom remembered by us. The contra&ion of the pupil from light, 
and of the mufcles of the internal ear from found, has been fhewn 
to arife from an exertion of the power of the mind, of which, how¬ 
ever, we are in no degree fenfible. As the eredtion of the penis of¬ 
ten proceeds from lafcivious thoughts, it mu ft be afcribed, in thefe 
^afes at, to the mind, notwithflanding our being as uncon- 
fcious of its influence exerted there, as in producing the contrac¬ 
tion of the heart. 1 he fight, or even the remembrance of grateful 
iood, is accompanied with a fudden and copious fecretion oïfal.wa 


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