Bauhaus-Universität Weimar

OTHER INVOLUNTARY MOTIONS. r47 
animus or mens, which is of a more exalted nature, is proper to ra¬ 
tional creatures alone *. 
Some modern materialifts have imagined the anima to be no o- 
ther than a more fubtile kind of matter lodged chiefly in the brain 
and nerves, and circulating with the grofler fluids. But fuch fpi- 
rits, or fubtile matter, can no more be acknowledged the vital prin¬ 
ciple or fource of animal life, than the blood from which they are 
derived ; and ftill with lefs reafon can this material anima be fup- 
pofed endued with fenfe, fince matter, of itfelf, and unaéhiated by 
any higher principle, is equally as incapable of fenfe or perception, 
pleafure or pain, as it is of felf-motion. Indeed, a few authors 
have gone fo far, as to fuppofe even the animus, or rational foul it¬ 
felf, material : but furely the powers and faculties of the mind are 
not to be found in matter, or in any of thofe principles, or elements, 
whereof either the ancients or moderns have imagined it to confift : 
fire itfelf, the mofl fubtile and active among them, being as incapa¬ 
ble of thought and reflection, as water or earth, which are the mofl: 
fluggiih f : and in what manner felf-motion, fenfe, or reafon can re- 
T 2 fuie 
human art and contrivance !), and afterwards, when it is difordered, fhould, with the fame 
fkill and wifdom, often remedy the evil, and reftore it to a found ftate ; but finding it in the 
end, or fometimes fufpedting it only, to be no longer tenable or comfortable, fhould, inrteadof 
repairing, either whimficdly or wifely defert it : to conceive, I fay, of the foul as perform¬ 
ing all this, without, in the mean time, being confcious of fuch intentions, or of the exer¬ 
tions of its power in purfuance of them, is at leaft as fanciful as to fuppofe, that an architect 
might raife a {lately edifice* in which nothing fhould be wanting that could contribute either 
to its ufefulnefs or ornament ; that he might frequently repair fuch damages as it fuftains 
from the weather, or from the decay of any ©f its materials; and at laft, apprehending it 
to be in danger of falling, might abandon it ; without being confcious of ever having once 
exercifed either his fkill in contriving, erecting, and repairing it, or his prudence in quit¬ 
ting it, when, as he thought, it was ready to bury him in its ruins. 
*-—Induijit communis conditor illis 
i antum animas, nobis anirnum quoque. 
Juvenal. Sat. 15. lin. 148. 149. 
f “ Animorum nulla in terris origo inveniri poteft. Nihil enim eft in animis mixtum atqu« 
** concretum, aut quod ex terra natum atque fidtum elfe videatur ; -nihil ne ut humidum qui- 
dem, aut {labile aut igneum. His enim in naturis nihil inert, quod vim memoriae, mentis, 
cogitatioms habeat, quod et præterita teneat, et futura provideat, et compledli poffic 
præientia.” Cicero in Tufculan. difput, lib. 1. 
See alfo, in proof of the immateriality of the foul, Dr Sam. Clarke’s defences of his letter 
to Mr Dodwell, where perfpicuity, metaphyfics, and found philofophy, are happily united.
        

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