Bauhaus-Universität Weimar

The Book of the Lantern. Being a Practical Guide to the Working of the Optical (or Magic) Lantern. With Full and Precise Directions for Making and Coloring Lantern Pictures.
Hepworth, T. C.
in water colour and in oil colour, sometimes, I believe, 
combining the two methods in one picture ; and his first 
proceeding was to draw the outline on the glass, in black 
pigment, with a very fine brush. Those who do not wish 
to dabble in photography, and who have some artistic taste 
may still adopt the same plan, and they will find that with 
a little practice they will be able to draw with a fine brush 
and with a suitable pigment, as finely as they can on paper 
with a pen. The Japanese artists,—I may mention,—do all 
their work, and even their writing, with a brush, and we 
all know their pictures are not to be despised. It will 
be found that such an outline is easier to produce if the 
glass be first covered with a layer of varnish. Some use 
a weak solution of gelatine in water, to give the glass the 
necessary surface for taking the pigment. A solution of 
sugar has also been recommended for the same purpose. 
A still easier plan of producing diagrams of line drawings 
without the aid of photography is to use sheet gelatine, 
which is sold for the purpose. This gelatine is placed over 
the engraving or other design which it is wished to copy ; 
and the lines are traced with a sharp point, such as an 
etching-needle. Fine black lead is then rubbed over the 
surface with the top of the ünger, with the result that the 
black powder lodges in the scratches, but does not adhere 
to the smooth surface. This plan I look upon merely as a 
makeshift; but I mention it for what it is worth. 
A method by which far better results can be obtained 
was published some years ago by the Rev. Dr. Dallinger, 
the eminent microscopist, who has for a long time used 
slides produced in the way he describes. His plan is


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