Bauhaus-Universität Weimar

The science of musical sounds
Miller, Dayton Clarence
any change in the pronunciation produces a different vowel, 
though we may understand the word to be the same, and 
that the quantitative results would vary for the slightest 
change in intonation or inflection. Since individual pro¬ 
nunciations vary greatly, even within the range of one lan¬ 
guage, there seems to be no better method of defining a 
vowel than by specifying several words, in each of which 
the author gives the vowel the same sound. Others may 
disagree with some of the pronunciations, but this does not 
change the fact that these are the sounds studied and defined 
in the results. A table of such words follows, while a larger 
list is given on page 257. 
father, far, gaard 
raw, fall, haul 
no, rode, goal 
gloom, move, groap 
mat, add, cat 
pet, feather, bless 
they, bait, hate 
bee, pique, machine 
Some of these sounds are common to all languages; the 
equivalent of father is found in German in vater, and in 
French in pâte; the equivalent of no in German is in wohl, 
and in French in côte; but there seems to be no equivalent 
in either German or French for raw or mat. 
For the sake of simplicity, instead of using single letters 
in connection with a multiplicity of signs to designate the 
several vowels, the writer will give the whole word con¬ 
taining the vowel, the latter being indicated by italics; in 
pronouncing the phrase “a record of the vowel father,” one 
may emphasize and prolong the vowel as “a record of 


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