Volltext: Dictionary of philosophy and psychology including many of the principal conceptions of ethics, logics, aesthetics ... and giving a terminology in English, French, German and Italian, vol. 1 [a-laws] (1)

from the experimental standpoint. For these 
last theories in their relation to the origin 
of specific arts see Classification (of the 
fine arts). 
Literature : General works dealing inci¬ 
dentally with art theories as well as other 
aesthetic problems will be found under Aes¬ 
thetics, Beauty, and Classification (of 
the fine arts). 
(1) Historical: Bosanquet, Hist, of Aes¬ 
thetic (1892); Schasler, Krit. Gesch. d. 
Aesthetik (1872); Walter, Gesch. d. Aes- 
thetik irn Alterthum (1893); E. Müller, 
Gesch. d. Theorie d. Kunst bei den Alten 
(1834); Egger, Essai sur l’Hist. de la 
Critique chez les Grecs (3rd ed., 1887); 
Butcher, Aristotle’s Theory of Poetry and 
Fine Art (1895) ; Bénard, L’Esthétique 
d’Aristote (1887); Döring, Die Kunstlehre 
des Aristoteles (1876); Svoboda, Gesch. d. 
Ideale mit besonderer Berücksichtigung d. 
bildenden Kunst (1886); Lotze, Gesch. 
d. Aesthetik in Deutschland (1868); Hart¬ 
mann, Aesthetik, Historisch-krit. Theorie 
(1886) ; Basch, Essai critique sur l’esthétique 
de Kant (1896); Cohen, Kant’s Begründung 
d. Aesthetik (1889); Caird, Crit. Philos, of 
Kant (1889); Berger, Die Entwicklung v. 
Schiller’s Aesthetik (1894) ; Kedney, Hegel’s 
Aesthetics (1885); Bosanquet, Hegel’s Philos, 
of Fine Art (trans. of the Introd. with pref. 
essay, 1886); Milsand, L’Esthétique anglaise 
(1864, on Buskin); Kant, Crit. of Judgment 
(trans. Bernard, 1892); Schiller, Essays, 
Aesthetic and Philos. (Bohn Lib.) ; Hegel, 
Aesthetische Werke (1833—48), x. 
(2) Systematic: in addition to those named 
under IV above and under Aesthetics, 
G. Baldwin Brown, The Fine Arts (1891) ; 
COLLINGWOOD, Philos, of Ornament (1883) ; 
Ker, The Philosophy of Art, in Essays in 
Philos. Criticism (ed. by Seth and Haldane, 
1883); Fierens-Gevaert, Essai sur l’Art 
contemporain (1897) ; Guy au, Les Problèmes 
de l’Esthétique contemporaine (4th ed., 1897) > 
Haddon, Evolution in Art (1895); Morris, 
The Lesser Arts, in Lectures on Art (1882) ; 
Proudhon, Du Principe de l’Art et de sa 
Destination sociale (1865); Sèailles, Essai 
sur le Génie dans l’Art (2nd ed., 1897); 
Riegel, Die bildenden Künste (4th ed., 1895); 
Volkelt, Aesthetische Zeitfragen (1895); 
Wallaschek, Primitive Music (1893) ; Aes¬ 
thetik der Ton-Kunst (1886) ; Sully, Sensa¬ 
tion andIntuition(i874); Gurney,The Power 
of Sound (1880), and Tertium Quid (1887); 
Prudhomme, L’expression dans les Beaux- 
Arts (1883); Vischer, Krit. Gänge, esp. 
Heft vi (1873); Carrière, Die Kunst im 
Zusammenhänge der Kulturentwickelung, 
u. die Ideale d. Menschheit (3rd ed., 1885); 
Alt, Syst. d. Künste (1888); Semper, Der 
Stil in den technischen u. techtonischen 
Künsten (2nd ed., 1878-9). (j.h.t.) 
Art Impulse : Ger. Kunsttrieb ; Fr. in¬ 
stinct esthétique ; Ital. istinto (or impulsa) 
artistico. The impulse which manifests itself 
in the production of works of art. 
Like the play impulse, it is generally held 
to be free and spontaneous, and not directly 
determined by material needs. It is distin¬ 
guished from the play impulse in that for its 
satisfaction it requires expression in a rational, 
ordered, and significant activity. 
For the various theories as to the specific 
impulses assigned as the origin of art see Art, 
and Classification (of the fine arts). 
Literature : Recent works giving especial 
attention to the subject are : Spencer, Psy¬ 
chology, ii ; Brown, The Fine Arts (1891) ; 
Grosse, Die Anfänge d. Kunst (1893, Eng. 
trans. 1897) ; Marshall, Pain, Pleasure, and 
Aesthetics (1894) ; Groos, The Play of Ani¬ 
mals (1898, Ger. 1896), and The Play of 
Man (1900, Ger. 1899); Ribot, La Psychol, 
des Sentiments (1896); Baldwin, Social and 
Eth. Interpret. (1897). (j.h.t.) 
Artery [Gr. àpr^pla, the windpipe, a sur¬ 
vival of the ancient notion that these vessels 
contained air] : Ger. Arterie, Schlagader ; Fr. 
artère ; Ital. arteria. A vessel which carries 
blood from the heart to a system of capillaries. 
See Vaso-motor System. (c.f.h.) 
Articular Sensation [Lat. articularis, 
pertaining to the joints] : Ger. Gelenkemp¬ 
findung ; Fr. sensation articulaire ; Ital. 
sensazione delle giunture. A sensation, whose 
adequate stimulus is movement of the one 
joint-surface upon the other, or pressure and 
counter-pressure of the two surfaces. The 
sensation is of great importance, as the basis 
of the perceptions of movement and position of 
the limbs, of resistance, &c. It possesses local 
signature (see Local Signs), and seems to show 
constancy of absolute sense discrimination. 
Literature: Külpe, Outlines of Psychol., 
140 ff., 341 ff. ; Sanford, Course in Exper. 
Psychol., expts. 39, 40, 43; Goldscheider, 
Du Bois-Reymond’s Arch. (1889), 369, 540, 
and Suppl.-Bd. (1889), I4I5 Centralbl. f. 
Physiol. (1887 and 1889); E. Claparède, 
Du Sens musculaire (1897). (e.b.t.) 
Articulation (vocal) [Lat. articulatio, a 
joining together] : Ger. Artikulirung ; Fr. 


Sehr geehrte Benutzerin, sehr geehrter Benutzer,

aufgrund der aktuellen Entwicklungen in der Webtechnologie, die im Goobi viewer verwendet wird, unterstützt die Software den von Ihnen verwendeten Browser nicht mehr.

Bitte benutzen Sie einen der folgenden Browser, um diese Seite korrekt darstellen zu können.

Vielen Dank für Ihr Verständnis.