Bauhaus-Universität Weimar

Dictionary of philosophy and psychology including many of the principal conceptions of ethics, logics, aesthetics ... and giving a terminology in English, French, German and Italian, vol. 1 [a-laws]
Baldwin, James Mark
Jacksonian Epilepsy : Ger. Jackson’sehe 
Epilepsie ; Fr. épilepsie Jacksonienne ; Ital. 
epilessia Jacksoniana (or corticale). A form of 
attack of an epileptic character with definite 
march or progress of spasms, relatively un¬ 
affected consciousness,and other characteristics 
by which it is differentiated from true or 
ordinary Epilepsy (q. v.). The state was 
described and its significance pointed out by 
Hughlings Jackson. (j.j.) 
Jacksonian Re-evolution : Ger. Jack- 
son’ sehe Wiederentwicklung ; Fr. réévolution 
Jacksonienne ; Ital. reintegrazione di Jackson. 
The principle, ascribed to Hughlings Jackson, 
that the order of the recovery of the mental 
functions after severe injury or disease is the 
reverse of that of their loss, and the same as 
that of their original normal development or 
Literature : H. Jackson, J. Ment. Sei., 
Oct., 1888, 352 ; Pick, Arch. f. Psychiat., 
xxii, 1891, 756; Baldwin, Ment. Devel. 
in the Child and the Race, chap. xiii. § 4, 
4 (from the German translation of which, 
p. 370, the equivalent is taken). (j.m.b.) 
Jacobi, Friedrich Heinrich. (1743- 
1819.) Educated for commercial life at Frank¬ 
fort and Geneva ; engaged in business for seven 
years, 1763-70; councillor of finance for 
Jülich and Berg; called to Munich, 1804, as 
a member of the Academy of Science ; presi¬ 
dent of this Academy, 1807-13. See Faith 
James-Iiange Theory. The ‘ peripheral ’ 
or ‘ effect ’ theory of the relation of emotion 
to its so-called expression. Named from Wm. 
James and K. Lange. Cf. Emotional Ex¬ 
pression (also for literary citations). 
The theory has become the starting-point 
i- a 
of discussions of emotion. Anticipations of it 
have been attributed to Bastian (Brain as an 
Organ of Mind, 1880), to Maudsley (Physiol. 
and Pathol, of Mind, 1867), to Lotze, and to 
Descartes. Cf. Stumpf, Zeitsch. f. Psychol., 
xxi, 1899, 47. (j.m.b.) 
Janet, Paul. (1823-99.) Born at Paris 
and educated at the Ecole Normale, Paris. 
He was professor of philosophy, first at Bourges 
(1845), then at Strassburg (1848), later at 
Paris, in the Lycée Louis-le-Grand (1857)) 
and the Sorbonne (1864). In 1864 he was 
elected member of the Academy of Moral 
and Political Sciences. He was, in the main, 
eclectic, a disciple of Cousin. 
Jansenism: Ger .Jansenismus; Fr. Jan¬ 
sénisme ; Ital. Giansenismo. The system of Cor¬ 
nelius Jansen, the distinctive feature of which 
is its reassertion, in an extreme form, of 
the Augustinian doctrine of human inability ; 
to wit, that Adam’s fall has totally destroyed 
man’s power to do good, and that his salvation 
must be the work of sovereign and irresistible 
Jansenism was condemned by the Homan 
Catholic Church, which holds the more 
moderate doctrine of St. Thomas. By Pro¬ 
testants, to whom Thomism savours of semi- 
Pelagianism, it has been generally looked on as 
a reaction toward a sounder faith. Its appear¬ 
ance was the occasion of a long and bitter 
controversy, the Port Royalists, Arnauld and 
Pascal, making the cause of Jansenism their 
own, while the Jesuits championed the ortho¬ 
dox view of the Romish Church. Jansenism as 
an organized movement was finally suppressed 
and the doctrine condemned as a heresy. 
Literature : Dumas, Hist, des cinq Proposi¬ 
tions ; St. Beuve, Port Royal (Paris) ; 
7 p p


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