Bauhaus-Universität Weimar

Researches in experimental phonetics (second series)
Scripture, Edward W.
E. IV. Scripture, 
meters long) of millimeter paper. This was then divided into con¬ 
venient pieces and made into two blocks (Plates XII and XIII) with a 
reduction to one-fifth. The horizontal scale of time in the melody 
plates is thus imm=o.0035s, or one-fifth that in the original speech plates. 
The dots of the plot were joined by straight lines. This gives the 
results accurately ; but a more truthful representation of the melody- 
effect would be made by a curve running smoothly through the dots 
(P- 58)- 
The vertical scales indicate frequency, or the number of vibrations a 
second. Each group of words refers to a portion of the melody-curve 
extending from its beginning to a group of large figures on the hori¬ 
zontal line ; during each portion the horizontal line remains unbroken. 
The large figures indicate, as in Plates III to XI, the portions of straight 
line in the original tracings that were omitted in preparing the plates ; 
they may be turned into time by the original equation of imm = 0.0007s. 
The interruptions in the melody-curve indicate surds, or very weak 
sonants, or pauses. 
The curve in Plates XII and XIII shows a very low and even melody 
of speech that is varied at times for emotional expression. In general 
each sentence begins low, rises gradually, and then falls ; but variations 
occur. The changes in the tone are usually continuous. 
“ Come Rip ” shows a rise at the end, which is a common inflection 
for a cheerful, animated invitation. “What do you say to a glass?” 
shows a low vowel, then a rise to the u of “you” ; this u, however, 
begins to fall just before the following word. “ Say ” is of high pitch, 
as is frequently the case for the verb of a question ; the fall at the end of 
“you ” may have been a kind of preparation by contrast for the high 
pitch of “say.” The highest pitch for the phrase is found in “ glass” ; 
it is even higher than in “say,” probably because of the greater emphasis 
given to the word “glass.” The pitch falls toward the end of æ in 
“ glass ” ; such a fall is usual in a sentence beginning with an interroga¬ 
tive word or phrase that is not especially emphatic. These words were 
spoken by Jefferson as introductory to the Toast itself. The invitation 
is followed by a long pause of 2.86s before the reply comes. 
The toast begins with a repetition of the question of invitation. It is 
spoken in a rather soft manner, as appears not only to the ear but also in 
the small amplitude of the waves in Plate IV. The pitch curve is fairly 
level, with some rise at the end instead of a fall. This rise is the usual 
ending of a repeated interrogative sentence. The general pitch is lower 
than that of the invitation. A pause of 0.41“ follows. 
The exclamation “ Huh ” is a kind of chuckle. It is of a very high


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