Bauhaus-Universität Weimar

56 
NATURAL INHERITANCE. 
[chap. 
inside out, as it were, deriving the “ arguments ” for 
Tables 7 and 8 from the entries in the body of Table 6, 
and making other easily intelligible alterations. 
Comparison of the Observed with the Normal Curve. 
—I confess to having been amazed at the extraordinary 
coincidence between the two bottom lines of Table 3, 
considering the great variety of faculties contained in 
the 18 Schemes; namely, three kinds of linear measure¬ 
ment, besides one of weight, one of capacity, two of 
strength, one of vision, and one of swiftness. It is 
obvious that weight cannot really vary at the same rate 
as height, even allowing for the fact that tall men are 
often lanky, but the theoretical impossibility is of the 
less practical importance, as the variations in weight are 
small compared to the weight itself. Thus we see from 
the value of Q in the first column of Table 3, that half 
of the persons deviated from their M by no more than 
10 or 11 lbs., which is about one-twelfth part of the 
value of M. Although the several series in Table 3 run 
fairly well together, I should not have dared to hope 
that their irregularities would have balanced one another 
so beautifully as they have done. It has been objected 
to some of my former work, especially in Hereditary 
Genius, that I pushed the applications of the Law of 
Frequency of Error somewhat too far. I may have done 
so, rather by incautious phrases than in reality; but 
I am sure that, with the evidence now before us, the 
applicability of that law is more than justified within 
the reasonable limits asked for in the present book. I
        

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