Bauhaus-Universität Weimar

Hereditary Genius: An Inquiry Into its Laws and Consequences
Galton, Francis
an illustration as any of which I can think. It is often 
hardly possible to trace its first beginnings : two or three 
houses were perhaps built for private use, and becoming 
accidentally vacant, were seen and rented by holiday folk, 
who praised the locality, and raised a demand for further 
accommodation ; other houses were built to meet the 
requirement ; this led to an inn, to the daily visit of the 
baker’s and butcher1 s cart, the postman, and so forth. Then 
as the village increased and shops began to be established, 
young artisans, and other floating gemmules of English 
population, in search of a place where they might advan¬ 
tageously attach themselves, became fixed, and so each new 
opportunity was seized upon and each opening filled up, as 
soon or very soon after it existed. The general result of 
these purely selfish affinities is, that watering-places are 
curiously similar, even before the speculative builder has 
stepped in. We may predict what kind of shops will 
be found and how they will be placed ; nay, even what 
kind of goods and placards will be put up in the windows. 
And so, notwithstanding abundant individual peculiarities, 
we find them to have a strong generic identity. 
The type of these watering-places is certainly a durable 
one ; the human materials of which they are made remain 
similar, and so are the conditions under which they exist, 
of having to supply the wants of the average British 
holiday seeker. Therefore the watering-place would always 
breed true to its kind. It would do so by detaching an 
offshoot on the fissiparous principle, or like a polyp, from 
which you may snip off a bit, which thenceforward lives an 
independent life and grows into a complete animal. Or, to 
compare it with a higher order of life, two watering-places 
at some distance apart might between them afford material 
to raise another in an intermediate locality. 
Precisely the same remarks might be made about fishing 
villages, or manufacturing towns, or new settlements in the


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