Bauhaus-Universität Weimar

Hereditary Genius: An Inquiry Into its Laws and Consequences
Galton, Francis
with the results in column D, in order to make the 
required calculation. They consist of the proportion of 
men whose relations achieved eminence, compared with 
the total number into whose relationships I inquired. 
The general result1 is, that exactly one-half of the illus¬ 
trious men have one or more eminent relations. Conse¬ 
quently, if we divide the entries in column D„ of “ eminent 
men of all classes,” p. 317, by 2, we shall obtain the 
corresponding column E. 
The reader may, however, suspect the fairness of my 
selection. He may recollect my difficulty, avowed in many 
chapters, of finding suitable selections, and will suspect 
that I have yielded to the temptation of inserting more 
than a d,ue share of favourable cases. And I cannot 
wholly deny the charge, for I can recollect a few names 
that probably occurred to me owing to the double or 
treble weight given to them, by the cumulated perform¬ 
ances of two or three persons. Therefore I acknowledge 
it to be quite necessary, in the interests of truth, to appeal 
to some wholly independent selection of names ; and will 
take for that purpose the saints, or whatever their right 
name may be, of the Comtist Calendar, Many of my 
readers will know to what I am referring; how Auguste 
Comte, desiring to found a “Religion of Humanity,” 
selected a list of names, from those to whom human 
development was most indebted, and assigned the months 
to the most important, the weeks to the next class, and 
the days to the third. I have nothing whatever to do 
with Comtist doctrines in these pages : his disciples dislike 
1 Lord Chancellors, p. 64, 24 in 30; Statesmen of George III., p. 111, 
33 S3 » Premiers, p. ill, not included in the “ Statesmen,” 8 in 16 ; Com¬ 
manders, p. 150, 32 in 59 ; Literary Men, p. 172, 37 in 56 ; Scientific Men, 
pp. 194, 199, 65 in 83 ; Poets, p. 228, 40 in 100 ; Musicians, p. 239, 26 in 
100; Painters, p. 249, 18 in 42 ; Divines, pp. 274, 283, 33 in 196 ; Scholars, 
p. 300, 14 in 36. These proportions reduced to decimals are .8, .6 and .5, 
• 5, .7, .8, .4, .3, .4, .2, .4 ; giving a general average of .5 or one-half.


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