Bauhaus-Universität Weimar

188 Inquiries into Human Faculty 
before he can either understand the feelings of those 
animals or make his own intelligible to them. He has no 
natural power at all over many other creatures. Who, for 
instance, ever succeeded in frowning away a mosquito, or 
in pacifying an angry wasp by a smile ? 
Desire of Comfort.—This is a motive which strongly 
attaches certain animals to human habitations, even though 
they are unwelcome : it is a motive which few persons who 
have not had an opportunity of studying animals in savage 
lands are likely to estimate at its true value. The life of all 
beasts in their wild state is an exceedingly anxious one. 
, From my own recollection, I believe that every antelope in 
South Africa has to run for its life every one or two days 
upon an average, and that he starts or gallops under the 
influence of a false alarm many times in a day. Those 
who have crouched at night by the side of pools in the 
desert, in order to have a shot at the beasts that frequent 
them, see strange scenes of animal life ; how the creatures 
gambol at one moment and fight at another ; how a herd 
suddenly halts in strained attention, and then breaks into a 
maddened rush, as one of them becomes conscious of the 
stealthy movements or rank scent of a beast of prey. Now 
this hourly life-and-death excitement is a keen delight to 
most wild creatures, but must be peculiarly distracting to 
the comfort-loving temperament of others. The latter are 
alone suited to endure the crass habits and dull routine of 
domesticated life. Suppose that an animal which has been 
captured and half-tamed, received ill-usage from his captors, 
either as punishment or through mere brutality, and that he 
rushed indignantly into the forest with his ribs aching from 
blows and stones. If a comfort-loving animal, he will 
probably be no gainer by the change, more serious alarms 
and no less ill-usage awaits him ; he hears the roar of the 
wild beasts and the headlong gallop of the frightened herds, 
and he finds the buttings and the kicks of other animals 
harder to endure than the blows from which he fled. He has 
the disadvantage of being a stranger, for the herds of his 
qwn species which he seeks for companionship constitute 
so many cliques, into which he can only find admission by 
more fighting with their strongest members than he has 
spirit to undergo. As a set-off against these miseries, the


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