Bauhaus-Universität Weimar

Inquiries into Human Faculty and its Development
Galton, Francis
Gregarious and Slavish Instincts ... 47 
Most men shrink from responsibility ; study of gregarious 
animals : especially of the cattle of the Damaras ; fore-oxen 
to waggon teams ; conditions of safety of herds ; cow and 
young calf when approached by lions ; the most effective 
size of herd ; corresponding production of leaders ; similarly 
as regards barbarian tribes and their leaders ; power of 
tyranny vested in chiefs ; political and religious persecu¬ 
tions ; hence human servility ; but society may flourish with¬ 
out servility ; its corporate actions would then have statistical 
constancy ; nations who are guided by successive orators, 
etc., must be inconstant; the romantic side of servility; free, 
political life. 
Intellectual Differences . . . -57 
Reference to Hereditary Genius. 
Mental Imagery...... -57 
Purport of inquiry ; circular of questions {see Appendix 
for this, p. 255); the first answers were from scientific men, 
and were negative ; those from persons in general society 
were quite the reverse ; sources of my materials ; they are 
mutually corroborative. Analysis of returns from loo 
persons mostly of some eminence ; extracts from replies of 
those in whom the visualising faculty is highest ; those in 
whom it is mediocre; lowest; conformity between these 
and other sets of haphazard returns; octile, median, etc., 
values; visualisation of colour; some liability to exaggera¬ 
tion ; blindfold chess-players ; remarkable instances of 
visualisation ; the faculty is not necessarily connected with 
keen sight or tendency to dream ; comprehensive imagery ; 
the faculty in different sexes and ages ; is strongly heredit¬ 
ary ; seems notable among the French ; Bushmen ; Eskimo ; 
prehistoric men ; admits of being educated ; imagery usually 
fails in flexibility ; special and generic images (see also 
Appendix, p. 229) ; use of the faculty. 
General account of the peculiarity ; mutually corrobora¬ 
tive statements ; personal evidence given at the Anthropo¬ 
logical Institute ; specimens of a few descriptions and 
illustrative woodcuts ; great variety in the Forms ; their 
early origin ; directions in which they run ; bold concep¬ 
tions of children concerning height and depth ; historical 
dates, months, etc. ; alphabet ; derivation of the Forms 
from the spoken names of numerals ; fixity of the Form 
compared to that of the handwriting ; of animals working 
in constant patterns ; of track of eye when searching for 
lost objects ; occasional origin from figures on clock ; from


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