Bauhaus-Universität Weimar

Titel:
The Cyclopaedia of Anatomy and Physiology, vol. 2: Dia-Ins
Person:
Todd, Robert Bentley
PURL:
https://digitalesammlungen.uni-weimar.de/viewer/image/lit25760/708/
HERMAPHRODITISM. 
700 
Europe in regard to the true sex of this indivi¬ 
dual. Even the different parts of his body were 
at one time referred to the male type, and at 
another time, and by other persons, to the fe¬ 
male. The pelvis was the only part that was 
generally considered as decidedly female, yet 
the inspection of the body after death by Pro¬ 
fessor Mayer shewed that even in this respect 
all were in error. 
Of the female sexual organs there existed an 
uterus, vagina, two Fallopian tubes, and an 
ovary ; and of the male, a testicle, and prostate 
gland and penis. The uterus was placed in 
its normal situation between the urinary bladder 
and rectum, but with its fundus directed in some 
degree to the left. The organ was extremely 
narrow, and two and a half inches in length. 
The cavity of its cervix presented on its inner 
surface some slight folds, but would scarcely 
admit a quill ; the cavity of its fundus was 
nearly half an inch across. The small canals of 
two Fallopian tubes opened into the fundus 
uteri. Their abdominal extremities were shut, 
but the corpora fimbriata were present. Near 
the extremity of the right Fallopian tube, which 
was four inches and four lines in length, a small 
flattened almond-shaped body was placed, which 
on examination proved to be distinctly a testi¬ 
cle. It was completely enveloped in perito¬ 
naeum, and received a cord composed of muscu¬ 
lar fibres, and of a spermatic vein and artery. 
Its internal structure was yellow and filamen¬ 
tous, like that of the testicle, and its seminiferous 
tubes could be easily separated. The left Fallo¬ 
pian tube was an inch shorter than the right ; 
and a little outside and behind its abdominal 
extremity another small flattened body was 
found inclosed in the peritonæum. It resembled 
an ovary rather than a testicle. Its tissue was 
composed of small granules conglomerated 
together. The penis was two inches and nine 
lines in length, and was for the greater part 
concealed underneath the mons veneris. During 
life it was capable of erection, and was then 
elongated to more than three inches. The pre¬ 
puce covered only half the glans. There was 
not any corpus spongiosum. A fossa or groove, 
representing an urethral canal divided inferiorly, 
ran along the under surface of the penis. The 
two folds of skin forming the sides of the 
groove separated from each other posteriorly, 
and might be compared to nymphae. Towards 
the root of the penis, by uniting inferiorly with 
a puckering of the skin of the labia majora or 
divided halves of the scrotum, they formed a 
circular orifice not larger than a quill, having 
some bodies, supposed to be vestiges of the ca- 
runculæ myrtiformes, at its lower edge, and lead¬ 
ing to a short vestibule, or common canal, into 
which the urethra, surrounded by a firm but 
small prostate, entered from above, and the va¬ 
gina, encircled at its entrance by a vascular 
ring of varicose veins, opened from below. The 
vagina was two inches and eight lines in length, 
and only ten lines at its greatest breadth. Its 
inner surface was somewhat wrinkled an¬ 
teriorly, but smooth behind. It terminated 
above in a kind of spongy isthmus representing 
the blind orifice of the uterus, and from four to 
six lines in length. The diameters and form of 
the pelvis were, on dissection, found to be most 
evidently masculine. 
The general character of Doerge was a mix¬ 
ture of the male and female type. When be¬ 
tween twenty and thirty, he had been examined 
by different medical men inGermany, France, and 
England, and, as we have already mentioned, 
the most contradictory opinions were offered 
upon his real sex. The breasts were not 
much developed, and there was no distinct 
mammary glandular structure. His stature was 
small (five feet). As he had advanced in 
age, his voice had become more firm and 
grave, and a slight trace of beard had ap¬ 
peared ; but his head and face presented the 
aspect of that of an old woman. His neck was 
short, and the thyroid cartilage did not project 
much : his chest was fat and full. During the 
last few years of his life he was subject to 
épistaxis and haemorrhoids, but did not present 
any trace of sanguineous discharge from the 
genital organs,—a phenomenon which was 
alleged to have manifested itself three times 
during his twentieth year. 
The right hemispheres of the cerebrum and 
cerebellum, particularly that of the latter, were 
smaller and less developed than the left, and the 
left side of the occiput was externally more 
prominent than the right. He is stated by 
Professor Mayer to have shewn a certain predi¬ 
lection for females, without, however, feeling 
any sexual desire. 
2. Testicle on the left, and ovary on the 
right side.—An instance of malformation of the 
reproductive organs minutely described by 
Maret,* and which is in all its more essential 
anatomical points an example of lateral herma¬ 
phroditism, may be included under this head. 
a. The subject of the case (Hubert Jean 
Pierre) died in the hospital at Dijon in 1767, 
at the age of seventeen. On the left side a 
perfect testicle was discovered with its usual 
spermatic vessels, vas deferens, and vesicula 
seminalis, all occupying the natural situation 
in which they are placed in the male adult. 
The vesicula seminalis contained a fluid of the 
colour and consistence of semen. On the right 
side an oblong cystic tumour was found lying in 
the iliac fossa, and stretching outwards into the 
inguinal region. On opening it a quantity of 
reddish limpid fluid escaped, and then the solid 
contents of the tumour were seen to consist of a 
somewhat flattened body, that gave off from the 
upper part from its right side a short Fallopian 
tube; and at the fimbriated extremity of this 
tube an ovary of the natural size, consistence, 
and figure, was situated. The roundish shaped 
body to which the tube was attached was about 
an inch and a half in its greatest, and an inch in 
its smallest diameter. It contained in its 
centre a small cavity continuous with that of 
the tube,—a circumstance, which, along with the 
structure of its walls, left little doubt that the 
body itself was an imperfectly formed uterus. 
No other opening except that of the tube could 
be traced into its cavity. Its external surface 
* Mém. de 1’ Acad, de Dijon, t. ii. p. 157.