Bauhaus-Universität Weimar

Titel:
The Cyclopaedia of Anatomy and Physiology, vol. 2: Dia-Ins
Person:
Todd, Robert Bentley
PURL:
https://digitalesammlungen.uni-weimar.de/viewer/image/lit25760/1016/
ANALYTICAL INDEX. 
1008 
Elbow, articulation of the, 65 
bones, 65 
ligaments, 66 
motions, 67 
lateral motion, 67 
simple fractures, 68 
of the humerus and its condyles, 68 
of the ulna, 69 
of the olecranon, 69 
luxations, 69 
of both bones of the fore-arm back¬ 
wards, 69 
of the bones of the fore-arm laterally, 71 
, . backwards 
and outwards, 72 
, . , backwards 
and inwards, 72 
of the ulna alone directly backwards, 72 
upper extremity of the radius 
from the humerus and ulna, 72 
of the radius forwards, 73 
radius alone laterally, 73 
radius alone backwards, 74 
subluxation of the upper extiemity of the radius 
with elongation of the coronary ligament, 74 
congenital or original, of the upper head of the 
radius backward, 75 
II. Diseases, 77 
of the synovial membrane, synovitis, 77 
of the cartilages—inflammation, softening, ab¬ 
sorption, 77 
of the bones—caries, elastic white swelling, 78 
rheumatism, 79 
Electricity, animal, 81 
electrical fishes, 81 
circumstances under which discharges from electrical 
fishes take place, 82 
motions of the fish in the act of discharging, 83 
physiological effects of the discharge, 83 
magnetical effects of the discharge, 85 
chemical effects of the discharge, 86 
results of experiments on the transmission of the dis¬ 
charge through various conducting bodies, 86 
production of a spark and evolution of heat, 87 
anatomy of the electrical organs, 87 
in the torpedo, 88 
in thegymnotus, 91 
in the silurus, 93 
analogies of animal electricity, 93 
manifestations of common electricity in animal sub¬ 
stances and in living animals, 95 
uses of animal electricity, 97 
Encephalon, 98 
Endosmosis, 98 
measurement of the amount of endosmosis, 98 
strength of endosmosis, 93 
effects of temperature, 100 
explanation of the phenomena, 100 
circumstances in which endosmosis occurs, 110 
Entozoa. 111 
definition, 111 
primary division into three classes—Protelmintha, 
Sterelmintha, and Ceelelmintha, 111 
families of the first class, Protelmintha : 
Cercariadæ, 111 
Spermatozoa, ill 
Vibrionidae, 113 
Trichina spiralis, 113 
families of the second class, Sterelmintha, equivalent 
to the Orders of Rudolphi, 115 
Cystica, 115 
Cestoidea, 116 
Trematoda, 116 
Acanthoeephala, 116 
families of the third class, Ceelelmintha, 116 
Nematoidea, 116 
Acanthotheca, 116 
description of species of human entozoa belonging to 
the above Orders, 117 
Acephalocystis endogena, Pill-box Hydatid, 117 
Echinococcus hominis, 117 
Cysticercus cellulosa, 118 
Bothriocephalus latus, 120 
Taenia solium, 120 
Distoma hepaticum, 121 
Polystoma pinguicola, 121 
venarum, 121 
Diplostomum volvens, 121 
Filiaria Medinensis, 122 
oculi humani, 122 
bronchialis, 122 
Trichocephalus dispar, 122 
Spiroptera hominis, 123 
Strongylus gigas, 125 
Ascaris lumbncoides, 125 
vermteuiaris, 125 
tabular view of Entozoa hominis, 126 
anatomy of the Entozoa, 126 
tegumentary system, 126 
epidermic processes or spines, 127 
Entozoa (continued). 
muscular system, 127 
nervous system, 129 
digestive organs, 131 
respiratory organs, 136 
excretory glands, 136 
organs of generation, 137 
Erectile tissue, 144 
Excretion, 147 
I. Necessity of excretion, 148 
II. Products to be held excretions, 149 
excretions from the lungs, 149 
skin, I49 
bowels, 149 
kidney's—urine, 149 
excrementitious and recrementitious secretions 
150 * 
III. Effects of the suppression of secretions on the 
animal economy, 150 
IV. Manner in which excretions are effected, 150 
V. Matters of excretion are separated from the blood 
rather than formed at the parts where thev ap¬ 
pear, 151 J * 
VI. Original source of the matters thrown out bv ex¬ 
cretion, 152 
Extremity (in human anatomy), 154 
superior extremity, 154 
clavicle, 154 
structure, 156 
development, 156 
scapula, 156 
structure, 159 
development, 159 
humerus, 159 
structure, 161 
development, 16l 
fore-arm : 
ulna, 162 
structure, 163 
radius, 163 
structure, 164 
development of radius and ulna, 164 
hand, 165 
inferior extremity, 165 
femur, 165 
structure, 167 
development, 167 
patella, 168 
structure and development, 168 
leg: 
tibia, 168 
structure, 170 
fibula, 170 
structure, 171 
development of the bones of the leg, 171 
abnormal conditions of the bones of the extremi¬ 
ties, 171 
Eye: 
general view, 171 
sclerotic coat or membrane, 174 
cornea, 175 
choroid coat, 178 
tapetum, 179 
orbiculus s. circulus ciliaris, ciliary circle, 180 
corpus ciliare, ciliary processes, léo 
pigmentum nigrum, 180 
iris, 182 
membrana pupillaris, 184 
retina, 185 
lamina cribosa, 185 
porus opticus, 186 
layers or membranes, 186 
foramen centrale, orforamen of Soemmerring, 188 
vitreous humour, 191 
canal of Petit, 192 
corona ciliaris, 193 
crystalline lens, 194 
capsule, 199 
aqueous humour, 201 
pecten s. marsupium nigrum, 203 
choroid gland or muscle, 205 
Face (in anatomy generally and in human anatomy), 207 
I. Bones of the face, 207 
superior maxillary bones, 207 
maxillary sinus, 209 
connexions of the maxillary bone, 209 
structure, 209 
development, 209 
ossa intermaxillaria, 210 
palate bones, 210 
connexions, 211 
structure and development, 211 
malar bones, 211 
connexions, 211 
structure and development, 212 
nasal bones, 212 
connexions, 212 
structure and development, 212 
lachrymal bones, 212 
connexions, 212 
structure and development, 212 
inferior turbinated or spongy bones, 213
        

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