Bauhaus-Universität Weimar

Imagining in M USIC 
163 
the side. In this figure, the dot-dash line represents musicians, the 
dash line psychologists, and the solid line unselected adults and 
children. Unselected adults and children proved to give the same 
distribution, and for that reason they are shown in one curve, but 
the significant thing for our present purpose is the very marked 
distinction between musicians and psychologists, psychologists 
being taken as representative of scientists. Fifty-five per cent of the 
musicians maintained that their auditory imagery could be as clear 
and vivid as in actual perception of the physical tone, and there is a 
tendency among all musicians to rate themselves high, whereas the 
psychologists, in spite of their professional training in the observa¬ 
tion of imagery, rate themselves comparatively low. When we bear 
Vividness of the image 
Fio. 1.—Distribution of ratings in tonal auditory imagery. (Agnew.3) Solid line, unselected 
adults and children; dot-dash line, musicians; dash line, psychologists. 
in mind that there are inherited tendencies of capacity for mental 
imagery, it would seem clear that we have here a basis of selection 
for musicianship. 
This difference in capacity for imagery has played a large role 
in the development of the school of psychological behaviorism, 
represented largely by persons in whom mental imagery plays no 
important role, even to the extent that many of them deny or 
question its reality. I have never known a highly musical-minded 
person to be a radical behaviorist—one who refuses to assign an 
important role to mental imagery. 
In fact these large individual differences in capacity for mental 
imagery are at the foundation for the choice in vocations, and 
especially avocations when well considered. This difference takes 
live trends; for example, a person with strong visual imagery and
        

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