Bauhaus-Universität Weimar

Titel:
Experimental Psychology: A Manual of Laboratory Practice, Vol. II: Quantitative Experiments, part 2: Instructor's Manual
Person:
Titchener, Edward B.
PURL:
https://digitalesammlungen.uni-weimar.de/viewer/image/lit11940/574/
§ 40- The Estimation of Time 
397 
by the introspections. The work begins with the method of r. 
and w. cases, which is promptly given up for minimal changes ; it 
ends with the exclusive use of the method of av. error. So with 
apparatus : Kollert employed a pair of metronomes, while Estel 
and Mehner had a crude form of what is now the standard time 
sense instrument. 
See J. Kollert, P. S., i., 1882, 78 ; V. Estel, ibid., ii., 1884, 37 ; Fech- 
ner, Abh. d. kgl. sächs. Ges. d. VViss., math.-phys. Cl., xiii., 1884, 3 ; 
Estel, P. S., ii., 1885, 475 ; M. Mehner, ibid., 546 ; Fechner, ibid., iii., 
1885, i ; R. Glass, ibid., iv., 1887, 423. 
Add Wundt, P. P., ii., 1880, 290 ; ii., 1887, 350 ff. ; ii., 1893, 415 fF. ; 
iii., 1903, 498 ff. ; P. S., i., 1883, 562 f. ; Trautscholdt, ibid., 249 ; 
Vierordt, Z. f. Biol., xviii., 1882, 397 ; Fechner, R., 1882, 174 f. ; Stevens, 
Mind, O. S., xi., 1886, 403 f. ; Wolfe, P. S., iii., 1886, 556 ; Ejner, 
Zeitsinn, 1889, 6 ff, 16 ff., 35 f. ; Leumann, P. S., v., 1889, 630; Müns¬ 
terberg, Beitr., ii., 1889, 6 ff, 50 ff. ; Müller, Gott. gel. Anz., 1 Juni 1891, 
412 ; Nichols, A. J., iii., 1891, 507 ff, 528 ; Schumann, Z., iv., 1892, 24 
ff., 56 ; xviii., 1898, 3, 37 f. ; Meumann, P. S., viii., 1892, 432, 434, 438, 
440, 454, 457, 464, 466, 494 f. ; ix., 1893, 278 ; Merkel, ibid., 205.fr., 411 ; 
Wrinch, ibid., xviii., 1902, 300, 302 ff. ; Hüttner, Martiùs’ Beitr., i., 1902, 
371 ff. ; Nelson, Psych. Rev., ix., 1902, 458 ; Müller, M., 171 f., 191. 
III. The Intermediate Period. 
At the end of the psychophysical period, the time sense may be 
said to have gone into commission. The outlook was, indeed, 
not very encouraging.. There had been several experimental in¬ 
vestigations, but each, as it came, seemed only to increase the 
number of new results, without confirming the old ; it would be 
difficult to find two consecutive papers whose points of difference 
are not more striking than their points of agreement. We have 
now a group of papers dealing with problems suggested, indeed, 
by the previous work, but for the most part off the straight line 
of psychophysical enquiry. We have, also,—what was perhaps 
to be expected at this stage,—a rather rank growth of theory. 
(1) S. Thorkelson, Undersögelse af Tidssansen, Christiania, 1885. 
(Quoted above, p. 134, for practice. Summary and criticism in Meumann, 
P. S,, viii., 1892, 432 ff, 457 f. Add Wundt, P. P., ii., 1893, 414 f.,426 ; 
Hi., 1903, 498, 505 ; Wrinch, P. S., xviii., 1902, 307 ; Hüttner, Martius’ 
Beitr., i., 1902, 374.)
        

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