Bauhaus-Universität Weimar

Titel:
Experimental Psychology: A Manual of Laboratory Practice, Vol. II: Quantitative Experiments, part 2: Instructor's Manual
Person:
Titchener, Edward B.
PURL:
https://digitalesammlungen.uni-weimar.de/viewer/image/lit11940/564/
39- Compound Reactions : Association 
387 
far narrowed.1 According to Wundt, “ der Vollzug der Urtheils- 
function besteht, psychologisch betrachtet, darin, dass wir die 
dunkeln Umrisse des Gesammtbildes successiv deutlicher machen, 
so dass dann am Ende des zusammengesetzten Denkactes auch 
das Ganze klarer vor unserm Bewusstsein steht ” : the category 
is still farther narrowed. The student must discuss these views, 
and exercise his — judgment. 
(5) Watt, Th., 126; Arch., 408. Claparède, L’association des 
idées, 1903, 6 f. (the sentences are put together from different 
contexts). J. M. Baldwin and G. F. Stout, Diet, of Phil, and 
Psych., i., 1901, 78. The Question refers back to vol. i., I. M., 
402 f. For psychology, association is the associated complex,, 
the associative consciousness ; and the problem of psychology, in 
its regard, is the analysis and synthesis of this particular form of 
consciousness, and the statement of its physiological conditions. 
For psychophysics, the problem of association is the establish¬ 
ment of such formulae as Ebbinghaus seeks in his Gedächtnis. 
In other words, the division of problems here is precisely what it 
was in the case of the metric methods. 
The author knows the difficulty of definition, which is the difficulty of 
constructive work at large ; and he has no wish to offer a carping or 
meticulous criticism. He cannot but think, however, that many of the 
definitions of the Diet, of Phil, and Psych., in the field of what may be 
termed general psychology, are needlessly loose and carelessly articulated. 
Thus, in the definition of Association, mental dispositions are said to 
‘ correspond to ’ conscious contents. If we look up Disposition (i., 287) 
we find it defined, by the same two writers, as “an effect of previous 
mental process, or an element of original endowment, capable of entering 
as a co-operative factor into subsequent mental process.” We are not 
now concerned with elements of original endowment ; so that the first 
and third clauses constitute the definition required.2 But then a dis- 
1 Marbe, of course, does not stand (so to say) in the same straight line with 
Münsterberg and Wundt. Watt’s definition of judgment (Th., 134; Arch., 416) 
comes nearer to being a psychological intermediary. 
2 The “ elements of original endowment ” are, of course, ruled out by the 
phrase “ formed in and by the course of experience.” Why the words should 
have been inserted in the definition of Disposition is difficult to see ; for the 
writers mark off Disposition (t) from Disposition (2) =: Predisposition, and later 
on make Predisposition the technical name for congenital disposition. If we turn 
to Predisposition itself (ii., 329), we find that it is an “ inherited disposition.”
        

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