Bauhaus-Universität Weimar

Experimental Psychology: A Manual of Laboratory Practice, Vol. II: Quantitative Experiments, part 2: Instructor's Manual
Titchener, Edward B.
4- Criticism 
the Zend-Avesta,1—this is, indeed, the one place where the stu¬ 
dent of modern psychology is likely to run against the Zend- 
Avesta,—and, no doubt, discussed the Elemente with his pupils 
at Göttingen. Vierordt’s Zeitsinn, in which much regard is paid 
to the Elemente, came out in 1868.2 Höring’s work on the time 
sense appeared in 1866,3 and Keppler's taste experiments in 
Here is evidence enough—and there is doubtless much more 
—of the interest aroused by the Elemente in the 6o’s. We shall 
presently find evidence that the interest continued through the 
70’s and 8o's : witness, now, the publication of Midler’s Grundle¬ 
gung in 1878, and of the new edition of the Elemente (the first 
“war schon seit mehreren Jahren im Buchhandel vergriffen”5) 
in 1889. Indeed, the interest has never ceased. For the last ten 
years, it is true, experimental psychology has been growing away 
from Fechner; qualitative analysis has bulked larger in the liter¬ 
ature than quantitative determination.8 But we are now, per¬ 
haps, entering upon a period in which we can pay adequate regard 
to both aspects of psychological work, in which we can set numer¬ 
ical values and introspective analyses side by side. And any sort 
or kind of quantitative psychology must take its stand upon the 
work of Fechner. 
§ 4. Criticism.— We may now discuss some of the principal 
objections urged against Fechner’s psychophysical system. The 
doctrine of the Elemente was attacked from many sides and on 
many issues. It is therefore inevitable that, in setting forth 
single objections, we do some violence to the literature. Differ¬ 
ent men employ the same argument ; but they employ it in support 
1 See pp. 210 f. 2 K. Vierordt, Der Zeitsinn nach Versuchen, 186S. 
3 A. Höring, Versuche über das Unterscheidungsvermögen des Hörsinns für 
Zeitgrössen, i860. I. S., 177. 
4 F. Keppler, Das Unterscheidungsvermögen des Geschmackssinnes für Con- 
centrationsdifferenzen der schmeckbaren Körper, 1S69 ; Pflügers Arch., ix., 449. 
I- S., 161 ff. 
5 See El., i., v. The author has used the edition of 1889 exclusively, for quota¬ 
tions in this work. The two editions do not tally, page for page ; but the differ¬ 
ence rarely exceeds two or three lines ; so that the fortunate possessors of the 
first edition will have no difficulty in finding the passages cited. 
6 See vol. i., I. M., xxii. f.


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