Bauhaus-Universität Weimar

Titel:
Psychology: The Science of Human Behaviour
Person:
Givler, Robert Ch.
PURL:
https://digitalesammlungen.uni-weimar.de/viewer/image/lit11929/196/
PSYCHOLOGY 
vertical distances are the same, 
mation is due to eye movement. 
The error in esti- 
It requires greater 
effort to elevate the eyes than swing them from side 
to side, and we tend to make judgments on the basis 
of our expenditure of energy. Again, we tend to 
overestimate the size of all acute angles, and to 
underestimate the size of all obtuse angles. This is 
doubtless due to our experience with table tops, 
floors, walls, ceilings, and rectangles of ail sorts, 
whose angles, through being seen in perspective, ap¬ 
pear as either acute or obtuse. We have constantly 
to judge such angles as right angles, in spite of 
their appearing otherwise, and the momentum of 
these past judgments affects our estimate of all the 
other obtuse and acute angles which 
we see. It is on this account that 
the circle with the square inscribed 
seems broken at the corners of the 
square. But another explanation, 
equally based on motor responses, is 
also possible here. It is a theory 
based on the principle of empathy—the tendency to 
feel oneself into the situation. On this theory all 
acute angles make us feel cramped and huddled, and 
all obtuse angles make us feel as if we wrere stretch¬ 
ing and yawning. In the case of the square inscribed 
in the circle, we read our own kinæsthetic squeezes 
into the meeting point of arc and chord.
        

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