Volltext: A history of caricature and grotesque in literature and art

and Grotewue 
I-Izfory 0f C arzkature 
the annexed cut (No. 39), is in the room of the dying man, whofe bed is fur- 
rounded by three demons, who are come to tempt him, while his relatives 
of both fexes are looking on quite unconfcious of their prefence. The 
figures of thefe demons are particularly grotefque, and their ugly features 
betray a degree of vulgar cunning which adds not :1 little to this eifeel. 
The one leaning over the dying man fuggells to him the words expreifed 
in the label iiluing from his mouth, Provideas amicis, "provide for your 
friends  while the one whofe head appears to the left Whifpers to him, 
Yntende tlzqfauro, "think of your trealiire." The dying man feems 
grievouily perplexed with the various thoughts thus fuggeited to him. 
Why did the medixval Chriflians think it necelfary to make the devils 
black and ugly? The firlt reply to this queilion which prefents itfelf is, 
that the charaeterillics intended to be reprefentecl were the blacknefs and 
uglinefs of fin. This, however, is only partially the explanation of the 
fadt; for there can be no doubt that the notion was a popular one, and 
that it had previoufly exifted in the popular mythology; and, as has been 
already remarked. the uglinefs exhibited by them is a vulgar, mirthful 
uglinefs, which makes you laugh inltead of ihudder. Another fcene, 


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