Volltext: A history of caricature and grotesque in literature and art

of C aricazure 
the purpofe of caricaturing the various occupations of life-domeftic 
and focial fcenes, grave conferences, and many other fubjects, and 
even perfonal character. In this clais of caricatures they gave to the 
pigmies, or dwarfs, very large heads, and very fmali legs and arms. I 
need hardly remark that this is a clafs of caricature which is very common 
in modern times. Our firft group of thefe pigmy caricatures (No. I9) is 
 Y X1 MW  f 
Tlze Farm-yard in Burlzjlfuz. 
taken from a painting on the walls of the Temple of Venus, at Pompeii, 
and reprefents the interior of a farm-yard in burlefque. The flructure in 
the background is perhaps intended for a hayrick. In front of it, one of 
the farm fervants is attending on the poultry. The more important- 
looking perfonage with the paftoral Raff is poflibly the overfeer of the 
farm, who is vifiting the labourers, and this 
 probably is the caufe why their movements 
Kg  have atlhmed fo much activity. The labourer 
    on the right is ufing the qfilla, a wooden yoke 
K v  or pole, which was carried over the fhoulder, 
l     ) with the corl-is, or bafket, fufpended at each 
 1 end. This was a common method of carrying, 
and is not unfrequently reprefented on Roman 
works of art. Several examples might be 
No. 20. An Ajllrl-Bwren quoted from the antiquities of Pompeii. Our 
cut No. 20, from a gem in the Florentine 
Mufeum, and illuitrating another clafs of caricature, that of introducing 
animals performing the actions and duties of men, reprefents a grafshopper 
carrying the qfilla and the corbes. 
 A private


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