Volltext: A history of caricature and grotesque in literature and art

of C zzricature 
entering the cave together, as the performance which was acting within. 
It is an allufion to the fcandal in general circulation relating to Bute and 
the princels, who, of courfe, were the 1Eneas and Dido of the piece, and 
appear in thofe characters on the fcatlbld in front, with two of Bute's 
mercenary writers, Smollett, who edited the Briton, and Murphy, who 
wrote in the Auditor, one blowing the trumpet and the other beating the 
drum. Among the different groups which ill the pidture, one, behind 
the ac10rs' barn (fee our cut No. 201), is evidently intended for a fatire 
on the fpirit of religious fanaticifm which was at this time fpreading 
through the country. An open-air preacher, mounted on a ftool, is 
addrefiing a not very intelleotual-looking audience, while his infpiration is 
conveyed to him in a rather vulgar manner by the fpirit, not of good, 
but of evil. 
The violence of this political warfare at length drove Lord Bute from 
at leaf: oftenfible power. He retigned on the 6th of April, I763. One 
of the popular favourites at this time was the duke of Cumberland, the 
hero of Culloden, who was regarded as the leader of the oppolition in the 
Houfe of Lords. People now believed that it was the duke of Cumber- 
land who had overthrown " the boot," and his popularity increaled on a 
fudden. The triumph was commemorated in feveral caricatures. One 
of thefe is entitled, "The Jack-Boot kick'd down, or Englith XVill 
triumphant: a Dream." The duke of Cumberland, whip in hand, has 
kicked the boot out of the houfe, exclairning to a young man in failor's 
garb who follows him, " Let me alone, Ned; I know how to deal with 
Scotfmen. Remember Culloden." The youth replies, " Kick hard, 
uncle, keep him down. Let me have a kick too." Nearly the fame 
group, ufing fimilar language, is introduced into a caricature of the fame 
date, entitled, " The Boot and the Blockhead." The youthful perfonage 
is no doubt intended for Cumberland's nephew, Edward, duke of York, 
who was a failor, and was raifed to the rank of rear-admiral, and who 
appears to have joined his uncle in his oppofition to Lord Bute. The 
" boot," as feen in our cut No. 202, is encircled with Hogartlfs celebrated 
"line of beauty," of which I {hall have to fpeak more at length in the 
next chapter. 


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