Volltext: A history of caricature and grotesque in literature and art

0f Caricature 
and the parody have been preferved from this remote period, and this is 
fo curious a circumttance, that I give in the cut on the preceding page a 
copy of one of the intagliosfi It reprefented literally Virgil's account of 
the flory, and the only difference between the defign on the intaglios and 
the one given in our firft cut is, that in the latter the perfonages are repre- 
fented under the forms of monkeys. Eneas, perfonitied by the Ptrong and 
vigorous animal, carrying the old monkey, Anchifes, on his left fhoulder, 
hurries forward, and at the fame time looks back on the burning city. VVith 
his right hand he drags along the boy Iulus, or Afcanius, who is evidently 
proceeding non pqjil-us azguis, and with difl-iculty keeps up with his 
father's pace. The boy wears a Phrygian bonnet, and holds in his right 
hand the initrument of play which we fhould now call a "bandy " 
-the pedun. Anchifes has charge of the box, which contains the facred 
penates. It is a curious circumflance that the monkeys in this picture are 
the fame dog-headed animals, or cynocephali, which are found on 
the Egyptian monuments. 
 These intaglios are engraved in the Museum Florentinum of Gorius, vol. ii. 
pl. 30. On one of them the figures are reversed. 
When this chapter was already given For press, I first became acquainted with 
an interesting paper, by Panofka, on the " Parodieen und Karikaturen auf We1'ken 
der Klassischen Kunst," in the " Abhandlungen der Akademie der Wissenschaften 
zu Berlin," For the year 1854, and I can only now refer my readers to it.


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