Volltext: A history of caricature and grotesque in literature and art

and Art. 
ariiiocratic families, witty and profiigate cavaliers, who had returned from 
exile with their king. The family of the earl of Berkthire produced no lefs 
than four writers of comedy, all brothers, Edward Howard, colonel Henry 
Howard, fir Robert Howard, and James Howard, while their Gtter, the 
ladyElizabeth Howard, was married to the poet Dryden. Edward Howard's 
firft dramatic piece was a tragi-comedy entitled " The Ufurper," which 
came out in 1668, and was intended as a fatire upon Cromwell. His belt 
known comedies were " The Man of Newmarket," and " W-'onian's 
Conqneft." Colonel Henry Howard compofed a comedy entitled " United 
Kingdoms," which appears not to have been printed. To James Howard, 
the youngelt of the brothers, the play-going public, even then rather a 
large one, owed " The Englilh Mounneur," and " All Miiiaken, or the 
Mad Couple." Sir Robert Howard was the befi writer of the four, and 
wrote both tragedies and comedies, which were afterwards publilhed 
collectively. The beft of his comedies is " The Committee," which was 
firli brought on the Gage in 1665, and through fome chance, certainly not 
by its merit, continued to be an a6ting play during the whole of the lafi 
" The Committee " is by far the belt of the dramatic writings of the 
Howards. Its defign was to turn to ridicule the Coinmonwealth men and 
the Puritans. Colonel Blunt and colonel Carelels are two royalifts, whole 
eitates are in the hands of the committee of iequeftrations, and who repair 
to London for the purpofe of compounding for them. The chairman of 
the committee is a Mr. Day, a worldly-minded and ful-Iiciently fellifh Puritan, 
but who is ruled by his more crafty and Hill lefs fcrupulous wife, a dengu- 
ing and very talkative woman. Both are of low origin, for Mrs. Day 
had been a kitchen-woman, and both are very proud and very tyrannical. 
Among the other principal characters are Abel Day, their Ion, Obadiah, 
the clerk to the committee, a man in the intereft of the Days, and an 
Irifh fervant named Teague, who had been the fervant of Carelefs's dear 
friend, a royaliit officer killed in battle, and Whom the colonel finds in 
great dittrefs, and takes into his own fervice out of charity. The cha- 
raeter of Teague is a very poor caricature upon an Irilhman, and his 
blunders and bulls are ofa very tpiritlelis defcription. Here is an example. 


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