Volltext: A history of caricature and grotesque in literature and art

much more elaborate caricature than molt of the timilar productions of 
this period, and of a fomewhat {ingular defign. It was publifhed on the 
6th of November, 1651, and bears the title "A Mad Defigne; or a 
Defcription of the king of Scots marching in his difguife, after the Rout 
at Worcelter." A long, and not unnecelfary, explanation of the feveral 
groups forming this picture, enables us to underltand it. On the left 
Charles is feated on the globe " in a melancholy poiture." A little to 
the right, and nearly in front, the bithop of Clogher is performing mafs, 
at which lords Ormond and Inchquin, in the fhapes of Grange animals, 
hold torches, and the lord Taaf, in the form of a monkey, holds up the 
bifhop's train. The Scottilh army is feen marching up, confiiting, accord- 
ing to the clefcription, of papifcs, prelatical malignants, Preibyterians, and 
old cavaliers; the latter of whom are reprefented by the "fooles head 
upon a pole in the rear." The next group confifts of two monkeys, one 
with a fiddle, the other carrying a long Raff with a torch at the end, con- 
cerning which we learn that "The two ridiculous anticks, one with a 
fiddle, and the other with a torch, fet forth the ridiculoufnefs of their 
condition when they marched into England, carried up with high 
thoughts, yet altogether in the darke, having onely a fooles bawble to be 
their light to walke by, mirth of their own whimfies to keep up their 
fpirits, and a {heathed fword to trufte in." Next come a troop of women, 
children, and papifts, lamenting over their defeat. Two monkeys on 
foot, and one on horfeback, follow, the latter riding with his face turned 
to the horfeis tail, and carrying in his hand a fpit with provifions on it. 
It is explained as "The Scots Kings flight from Worceiter, reprefented 
by the foole on horfeback, riding backward, turning his face every way 
in feares, ufhered by duke Hambleton and the lord Wilmot." Laftly, a 
crowd of women with flags bring up the rear. It cannot be faid that the 
Wit clifplayed in this fatire is of the very higheft order. 
After this period we meet with comparatively few caricatures until 
the death of Cromwell, and the eve of the Reftoration, when there came 
a new and tierce Ilruggle of political parties. The Dutch were the fubject 
of fome fatirical prints and pamphlets in 1652 ; and we t-ind a fmall number 
of caricatures on the focial evils, Iilch as drunkennefs and gluttony, and on


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