Volltext: A history of caricature and grotesque in literature and art

and Art. 
before. 'Art thou not a gourm:1ndP' said the priest.  'Art thou not 
superbe [proud] P" ' No.' ' Art thou not iracund   The priest seeing 
the man answer always  was somewhat surpnsed. ' Art thou not concupiscent? ' 
 ' And what art thou, then  said the priest. ' I am,' said he, 'a mason; 
ere 1s my trowe  " 
At this time " Panragruelifm " had mixed itfelf more or lefs largely in 
all the fatirical literature of France. It is very apparent in the writings 
of Bonaventure des Periers, and in a confiderable number of fatirical pub- 
lications which now iifued, many of them anonymoufly, or under the then 
fafhionable form of anagrams, from the prefs in France. Among thefe 
writers were a few who, though far inferior to Rabelais, may be contidered 
as not unequal to Des Periers himfelf. One of the molt remarkable of 
thefe was a gentleman of Britany, Noel du Fail, lord of La Herillaye, 
who was, like ['0 many of thefe fatiriits, a lawyer, and who died, apparently 
at an advanced age, at the end of 1585, or beginning of 1586. In his- 
publications, according to the fafhion of that age, he concealed his name 
under an anagram, and called hirnfelf Leon Ladulfil (doubling the l in 
the name Fail). Noel du Fail has been called the ape of Rabelais, 
though the mere imitation is not very apparent. He publithed (as far as 
has been afcertained), in 1548, his "Difcours d':u.1euns propos ruftiques 
facetieux, et de flnguliere recreation." This was followed immediately 
by a work entitled " Baliverneries, ou Contes Nouveaux d'Eutrapel  but 
his laft, and molt celebrated book, the " Contes et Difcours d'Eutrapel," 
was not printed until 1586, after the death of its author. The writings 
of Noel du Fail are full of charming pictures of rural life in the Ex- 
teenth century, and, though fufliciently free, they prefent lefs than molt 
Iimilar books of that period of the coarfenefs of Rabelais. I cannot 
lay the fame of a book which is much more celebrated than either of 
thefe, and the hiitory of which is Itill enveloped in obfcurity. I mean the 
"Moyen de Parvenir." This book, which is full of wit and humour, 
but the licentioufnefs of which is carried to a degree which renders it 
unreadable at the prefent day, is now afcribed by bibliographers, in its 
prefent form, to Beroalde de Vet-ville, a gentleman of a Proteftant family 
who had embraced Catholicifm, and obtained advancements in the church, 
and it was not printed until 1610, but it is fuppofed that in its prefcnt 


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