Volltext: A history of caricature and grotesque in literature and art

licentioufnefs; and there may, perhaps, be tome allntion to the latter 
charge in our cut No. I53, which is taken from one of the comic il1u{tra- 
tions to Murner's book, "Von dem groflen Lutherifchen Narren," which 
was publilhed in 1522; but, at all events, it will ferve as a fpecimen of 
thefe illufcrations, and of Murner's fancy of reprefenting himfelf with the 
head of a cat. In 1525, Luther married a nun who had turned Protettant 
and qnitted her convent, named Catherine de Bora, and this became the 
iignal to his opponents for indulging in abufive fongs, and fatires, and 
caricatures, molt of them too coarfe and indelicate to be defcribed in thefe 
pages. In many of the caricatures made on this occaiion, which are 
ufually woodcut illuftrations to books written againft the reformer, Luther 
is reprefented dancing with Catherine de Bora, or fitting at table with a 
glafs in his hand. An engraving of this kind, which forms one of the 
illultrations to a Work by Dr. Konrad Wimpina, one of the reformer's 
violent opponents, reprefents Luther's marriage. It is divided into three 
compartments; to the left, Luther, whom the Catholics always repre- 
fented in the character of a monk, gives the marriage ring to Catherine 
de Bora, and above them, in a sort of anreole, is infcribed the word 
Vbvete; on the right appears the nuptial bed, with the curtains drawn, 
and the infcription Redclite; and in the middle the monk and nun are 
dancing joyouily together, and over their heads we read the W0rds-- 
Dffcedat ab ari: 
Cui tulit lzejierna gaudia no5e V mus, 
VVhile Luther was heroically fighting the great fight of reform in 
Germany, the foundation of religious reform was laid in France by John 
Calvin, a man equally Iincere and zealous in the caufe, but of a totally 
different temper, and he efpoufed doetrines and forms of church govern- 
ment which a Lutheran would not admit. Literary fatire was uled with 
great effect by the French Calvinifls againft their popilh opponents, but 
they have left us few caricatures or burleique engravings of any kind ; at 
leaft, very few belonging to the earlier period of their hifcory. Jaime, in 
his " Mufee de Caricature," has given a copy of a very rare plate, repre- 
Ienting the pope flruggling with Luther and Calvin, as his two affailants. 


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