Volltext: A history of caricature and grotesque in literature and art

Finding they were not to be convinced of their miftake by mere argument, 
he offered, on certain conditions, to find the loft Gothamite, and he 
proceeded as follows. He took one by one each of the twelve Gothamites, 
[truck him a hard blow on the lhoulder,"whicl1 made him fcream, and at 
each cry counted one, two, three, 8:0. When it came to twelve, they 
were all fatisfied that the loft Gotharnite had returned, and paid the man 
for the fervice he had rendered them. 
As a chap-book, this hiitory of the men of Gotham became fo popular, 
that it gave rife to a hoft of other books of Iimilar charaeter, which were 
compiled at a later period under fuch titles-formerly well known to 
children-as, "The Merry Frolicks, or the Comical Cheats of Swalpo  
" The Witty and Entertaining Exploits of George Buchanan, commonly 
called the King's F001;" " Simple Simon's Misfortunes;" and the like. 
Nor nlutt it be forgotten that the hiftory of Eulenfpiegel was the proto- 
type ofa clafs of popular hiftories of larger dimenfions, reprefented in our 
own literature by " The Englith Rogue," the work of Richard Head and 
Francis Kirkman, in the reign of Charles II., and various other "rogues " 
belonging to different countries, which appeared about that time, or not 
long afterwards. The earlieit of thefe books was " The Spanifh Rogue, 
or Life of Guzman de Alfarache," written in Spanifh by Mateo Aleman 
in the latter part of the Hxteenth century. Curiouily enough, fome 
Englilhman, not knowing apparently that the hiftory of Eulenfpiegel had 
appeared in Englilh under the name of Owlglafs, took it into his head 
to introduce him among the family of rogues which had thus come 
into fafhion, and, in 1720, publifhed as " Made Engliih from the High 
Dutch,"what he called "The German Rogue, or the Life and Merry 
Adventures, Cheats, Stratagems, and Contrivances of Tiel Eulefpiegle." 
The fifteenth century was the period during which mediaeval forms 
generally were changing into forms adapted to another {late of fociety, 
and in which much of the popular literature which has been in vogue 
during modern times took its rife. In the fourteenth century, the fabliaux 
of the jougleurs were already taking what we may perhaps term a more 
literary form, and were reduced into profe narratives. This took place 
efpecially in Italy, where thefe profe tales were called novella, implying 


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