Volltext: A history of caricature and grotesque in literature and art

and Art. 
the common method of extraeting the juice from the grape. Further to 
the left is the large calk in which the juice is put when turned into wine. 
Satires on the people of particular localities were not uncommon 
during the middle ages, becaufe local rivalries and confequent local feuds 
prevailed everywhere. The records of fuch feuds were naturally of a 
temporary charaeter, and perithed when the feuds and rivalries themfelves 
ceafed to exilt, but a few curious fatires of this kind have been preferved. 
A monk of Peterborough, who lived late in the twelfth or early in the 
thirteenth century, and for fome reafon or other nourilhed an unfriendly 
feeling to the people of Norfolk, gave vent to his hoftility in a tliort 
Latin poem in what we may call goliardic verfe. He begins by abufing 
the county itfelf, which, he fays, was as bad and unfruitful as its 
inhabitants were vile; and he fuggefts that the evil one, when he fled 
from the anger of the Almighty, had paifed through it and left his 
pollution upon it. Among other anecdotes of the flmplicity and folly of 
the people of this county, which clofely refemble the ilories of the wife 
men of Gotham of a later date, he informs us that one day the peafantry 
of one diftriet were fo grieved by the oppreilions of their feudal lord, that 
they fubfcribed together and bought their freedom, which he fecured to 
them by formal deed, ratified with a ponderous feal. They adjourned to 
the tavern, and celebrated their deliverance by feafting and drinking, 
until night came on, and then, for Want of a candle, they agreed to burn 
the wax of the feal. Next day their former lord, informed of what had 
taken place, brought them before a court, where the deed was judged to 
be void for want of the feal, and they loft all their money, were reduced 
to their old pofition of flavery, and treated worfe than ever. Other 
Pcories, itill more ridiculous, are told of thefe old N orfolkians, but few of 
them are worth repeating. Another monk, apparently, who calls hirnfelf 
John de St. Omer, took up the cudgels for the people of Norfolk-, and re- 
plied to the Peterborough fatiriil: in timilar language? I have printed in 
' Both these poems are printed in my " Early Mysteries, and other 
of the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries." 8vo., London, 1333- 
 Latin Poems 


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