Bauhaus-Universität Weimar

Titel:
A history of caricature and grotesque in literature and art
Person:
Wright, Thomas Fairholt, Frederick William
Persistente ID:
urn:nbn:de:gbv:wim2-g-1429385
PURL:
https://digitalesammlungen.uni-weimar.de/viewer/resolver?urn=urn:nbn:de:gbv:wim2-g-1431383
144- 
Hilary 
and 
qf Caricature 
Grotqhue 
CHAPTER 
GROTESQUE FACES AND FIGURES.-PREVALENCE OF THE TASTE FOR 
UGLY AND GROTESQUE FACES.--SOME OF THE POPULAR FORMS 
DERIVED FROM ANTIQUITY; THE TONGUE LOLLING OUT, AND TI-IE 
DISTORTED  SUBJECTS! THE MAN AND THE 
SERPENTS.--ALLEGORICAL FIGURES: GLUTTONY AND LUXURY.-_ 
OTHER REPRESENTATIONS OF CLERICAL G-LUTTONY AND DRUNKEN- 
NESS.-GROTESQUE FIGURES OF INDIVIDUALS, AND GROTESQUE 
GROUPS.--ORNAMENTS OF THE BORDERS OF BOOKS.-_UNINTENTIONAL 
CARICATURE; THE MOTE AND THE BEAM- 
THE grimaces and Itrange poltures of the jougleurs feem to have had 
great attraftions for thofe who witneifed them. To unrefined and 
uneducated minds no object conveys fo perfect a notion of mirth as an 
ugly and diltorted face. Hence it is that among the common peafantry 
at a country fair few exhibitions are more fatisfaetory than that of 
grinning through a horfe-collar. This fentiment is largely exemplified 
in the fculpture efpecially of the middle ages, a long period, during 
which the general character of fociety prefented that want of reinement 
which we now obferve chiefly in its leaft cultivated claffes. Among the 
moft common decorations of our ancient churches and other mediaeval 
buildings, are grotefque and monftrous heads and faces. Antiquity, which 
lent us the types of many of thefe monftrolities, [aw in her Typhons and 
Gorgons a flgniiication beyond the furface of the picture, and her 
grotefque malks had a general meaning, and were in a manner typical of 
the whole field of comic literature. The malk was lefs an individual 
grotefqne to be laughed at for itfelf, than a perfonification of comedy. 
In the middle ages, on the contrary, although in fome cafes certain forms 
were often regarded as typical of certain ideas, in general the delign 
extended no farther than the forms which the artift had given to it; the 
grotefque
        

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