Bauhaus-Universität Weimar

Titel:
A history of caricature and grotesque in literature and art
Person:
Wright, Thomas Fairholt, Frederick William
Persistente ID:
urn:nbn:de:gbv:wim2-g-1429385
PURL:
https://digitalesammlungen.uni-weimar.de/viewer/resolver?urn=urn:nbn:de:gbv:wim2-g-1430896
in 
and Art. 
Lzferature 
95 
1 
CHAPTER 
THE MONKEY IN BURLESQUE AND  AND 
SINGLE COMBATS.?MONSTROUS COMBINATIONS OF ANIMAL FORMS._'- 
CARICATURES ON COSTUME.-THE  HELMET? LADIES 
HEAD-DRESSES.iTl-IE GOWN, AND ITS LONG SLEEVES. 
THE fox, the wolf, and their companions, were introduced as 
inftruments of fatire, on account of their peculiar characters; but 
there were other animals which were alfo favourites with the fatirift, 
becaufe they difplayed an innate inclination to imitate ; they formed, as 
it were, natural parodies upon mankind. I need hardly fay that of thefe 
the principal and molt remarkable was the monkey. This animal mull: 
have been known to our Anglo-Saxon forefathers from a remote period, 
for they had a word for it in their own language-apa, our ape. Monkey 
is a more modern name, and feems to be equivalent with maniken, or a 
little man. The earlieft Bqfiiaries, or popular treatifes on natural hiftory, 
give anecdotes illuftrative of the aptnefs of this animal for imitating the 
actions of men, and afcribe to it a degree of underilanding which would 
almoll raife it above the level of the brute creation. Philip de Thaun, 
an Anglo-Norman poet of the reign of Henry I., in his Bgfiiary, tells us 
that " the monkey, by imitation, as books fay, counterfeits what it fees, 
and mocks people  
Li [Inge par figure, fi rum dit zfcripture, 
C20 yue 1'1 wait contrefizit, de gent efrar lmit." 
He 
lar 
1: See ITIY N POP" 
107- 
Treatises on 
Science written 
the 
durin_g 
Nlidd 
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