Volltext: A history of caricature and grotesque in literature and art

of Caricature 
year 1337, from which we learn that when fuch marriages occurred, 
people forced their way into the houfes of the married couple, and carried 
away their goods, which they were obliged to pay a ranfom for before 
they were returned, and the money thus raifed was fpent in getting up 
what is called in the ftatute relating to it a Clialvaricum. It appears from 
this Ratute, that the individuals who performed the charivari accompanied 
the happy couple to the church, and returned with them to their 
refidence, with coarfe and indecent geftures and difcordant mufic, and 
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uttering fcurrilous and indecent abufe, and that they ended with feafting. 
In the {tatutes of Meaux, in 1365, and in thofe of Hugh, biihop of 
Beziers, in 1368, the fame practice is forbidden, under the name of 
Charavallium; and it is mentioned in a document of the year I 3 72, alfo 
quoted by Ducange, under that of Carivarium, as then exiiting at Nimes. 
Again, in I445, the Council of Tours made a decree, forbidding, under 
pain of excommunication, " the infolences, clamours, founds, and other 
tumults practiied at fecond and third nuptials, called by the vulgar a 


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