Volltext: A history of caricature and grotesque in literature and art

Hyiory of Caricature and Gr0tq[Que 
is taken from a {tall in the church of Bolton, in Lincolnfhire. A prelate, 
equally falfe, is  his chair, with a mitre on his head, and the 
paftoral Raff in his  hand. His flock are reprefented by a cock and 
hens, the former of which he holds fecurely with his right hand, while 
he appears to be preaching to them. 
Another mediaeval fculpture has furniihed events for a rather curious 
hifiory, at the fame time that it is a good illnftration of our fubject. 
Odo de Cirington, the fabulift, tells us how, one day, the wolf died, and 
the lion called the animals together to celebrate his exequies. The hare 
carried the holy water, hedgehogs bore the candles, the goats rang the 
bells, the moles dug the grave, the foxes carried the corpfe on the bier. 
Berengarius, the bear, celebrated mats, the ox read the gofpel, and the 
afs the epillle. When the mafs was concluded, and Ifengrin buried, the 
animals made a fplendid feaft out of his goods, and wilhed for fuch 
another funeral. Our fatirical ecclefiaitic makes an application of this 
Rory which tells little to the credit of the monks of his time. " So it 
frequently happens," he fays, "that when fome rich man, an extortionift 
or a ufurer, dies, the abbot or prior of a convent of bealls, i.e. of men 
living like beafts, caufes them to aifemble. For it commonly happens 
that in a great convent of black or white monks (Benedictines or 


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