Volltext: Geschichte der Civilisation in England (Bd. 2)

Er errichtete einen geistlichen Gerichtshof, der die Gefängnisse bis 
zur Ueberfüllung vollpfropfte, und als keine Sehlaehtopfer mehr 
hineingingen, sie nach Barbados und andern ungesunden Kolonien 
transportiren liessÄ") Das Volk war entschlossen sich der Dietatur 
geht von 1650 bis 'l667, wurde 1836 in Edinburg durch den Bannatyne Club dem 
Druck übergeben und ist jetzt selten. 
m) Wodroixfs History of tlw Olmrck of Scotland, I, 383, 390 bis 395. Lainfs 
Hisfory of Scotlaml, IV, 38: „A court of ecclesiastical commission was procured by 
Sharp." Siehe auch p. 41: "Under the inüuence of Sharp and the prelates, whieh 
Lauderdalds friends were unable to resist, the government seemed to he actuated by 
a blind resentment against its own subjects." Vergl. Burnefs History of in's own 
Tims, I, 365. „The truth is, the whole face of the govemment looked liker the 
proceedings of an inquisition, than of legal courts; and yed Sharp was never satisfied." 
Ein andrer Zeitgenosse, Kirkton, sagt von diesen Gommissären des geistlichen Gerichts: 
„F0r ought I could hear, never one appeared before them that escapt without pnnish- 
ment. 'l'heir custom was, withont premonition or lybell, to ask a man a qnestion, 
and judge him presently, either upon his silence 01' his answer."     „'l'hey many 
times doubled the legal fnnnishment; and notbeing satisfied with the fyne appointecl 
by luw, they nsed to add religation to smne remote places, 01' depm-tation to Barbadoes, 
01' selling into slavery." Kirktoafs History uf ilw Ulmrvlz. of Scotland, p. 206. Siehe 
auch Naplztrzli, m" {im Wrcstliwys of llw Ohurcll of Scotlaßzd, 1667, p. l26 bis 130. 
Aber da einzelne Fälle solche Dinge deutlicher vor die Seele bringen, so will ich ans 
Crookslzankäs Hisiory af {im Clmrok of Scoiland, I, 154, die Urtheile, die bei einer 
einzigen Gelegenheit durch diesen bisehöiiiehen Gerichtshof gefällt wurden, ausziehn. 
„Thc treatment of some of the parishioners of Ancrum is not to be omitted. When 
their exeellent minister, Mr. Livingstone, was taken from them, one Mr. James Scot, 
who was under the sentenee of exeonlmunicution, was presented to that Charge. On 
the day fixed for his settlement, several people did meet together to oppose it; and 
particularly a. country woman, desiring to speak with him in order to dissuade hllll 
frnm intruding himself npon a reelaiming people, pulled him by the cloak, intreating 
him to hear her a little; whereupon he turned und beat her with his staff. This 
provoked two or three boys to throw a. few stones, which neither tonched him nor 
any of his company. However, it was presently looked upon as a treasonable tumult, 
und thereforc the sheriif and justices of the peace in that bounds flned and imprisoned 
30m6 of these people, which, 0m, would think, might atone for a crime of this nature. 
But the high-commission, not thinking that sufficient, ordered those criminals to be 
brought before them. Accordingly, the fonr boys Mld this woman, with two brothers 
of hers of the name of Turnbull, were bronght prisoners to Edinburgh. The four 
boys confessed, that," npon Seofs beating the woman, they had tllrowll 98.011 his stoney. 
The eommissioner told them that hanging was too good for them. However, thß S011- 
tenee of this merciless court only was, tbat they should be scourged through the city 
of Edinburgh, burnt in the face with a hot iron, and then sold as slaves to Barbadoes. 
The boys endnred their pnnishment like men and ChristianS, l10 the admiration of 
multitudes. The two brothers were banished to Virginia; and the woman was ordored 
to be whipperl through the town of Jedburgh. Burnet, bishop of Glasgow, when


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